Prime Minister of East Timor
The Prime Minister ( tetum Primeiru - Ministru, Portuguese Primeiro - Ministro ) is the Prime Minister of East Timor ( Timor- Leste ).
After the parliamentary elections, the President determines a prime minister who has the majority of a party or coalition in parliament behind. He is head of the government and there Chairman of Ministers. Prime Minister's Office is the Government Palace in Dili.
Nicolau dos Reis Lobato ( 28 November 1975 - September 1977)
After the proclamation of independence from Portugal on 28 November 1975 at Nicolau dos Reis Lobato ( FRETILIN ) was appointed Prime Minister. But just nine days later occupied Indonesia, the young country. The government was forced to flee into the mountains and Lobato was appointed commander of the military wing of FRETILIN, the Falintil. After deposing the incumbent president Francisco Xavier do Amaral, Lobato was appointed in September 1977 as his successor. 31 December 1978 at Lobato was killed.
António Duarte Mau Lear Carvarino ( October 1977 - February 1979)
António Duarte Mau Lear Carvarino was appointed in October 1977 as the new Prime Minister, however, taken prisoner by Indonesian troops in February 1979 and killed.
Marí Alkatiri (20 May 2002-26. June 2006)
In the elections to the Constituent Assembly on 30 August 2001 FRETILIN 55 of the 88 seats won. The meeting was opened with independence on 20 May 2002 to the National Parliament and first prime minister after the Indonesian occupation was Marí Alkatiri Bin amude. Among the population, he was decried as a cold technocrat and they took him ill that he stayed during the occupation in exile in Mozambique. Already on 4 December 2002 student protesters set fire to his house. In foreign policy, he sought a rapprochement ( Military, and economically ) to the People's Republic of China and the leftist South American States, which he came into conflict with President Xanana Gusmão.
Alkatiri was also blamed for the outbreak unrest in East Timor in 2006. Calls for his resignation were loud, but it was initially at a government reshuffle, had to go with two of his key ministers. In addition, a power struggle between Alkatiri and President Gusmão broke out, with Alkatiri was able to rely on the police and Gusmão on the support of most of the army. Gusmão demands that Alkatiri resigns, were first rejected by the ruling party, while the popular Foreign Minister José Ramos -Horta and Minister of Transport protested and withdrew on 25 June of their political offices. Finally Alkatiri stated on 26 June 2006 that he wanted to take over the responsibility for the political crisis and stepped back.
José Ramos -Horta (10 July 2006-19. May 2007)
To Alkatiris successor was appointed the Nobel Peace Prize and previous Foreign Minister José Ramos -Horta on 8 July 2006 and sworn in on July 10. He had already transitional conducted by the Office Alkatiris resignation. Since his resignation from the FRETILIN 1988, Ramos- Horta party affiliation. Deputy were Agriculture Minister Estanislau da Silva ( FRETILIN ) and Health Minister Rui Maria de Araújo. Since Ramos- Horta, who won the election as president in 2007, he joined one day before he was sworn in as president ( East Timor), on 19 May 2007 as the Prime Minister and Minister of Defense back.
Estanislau da Silva (19 May 2007-8. August 2007)
Until the election of the new parliament, the former Deputy Prime Minister Estanislau Silva took over as prime minister. On the day of his appointment dismissed the FRETILIN member of the Foreign Minister José Luís Guterres.
Xanana Gusmão (since 8 August 2007)
In the parliamentary elections on 30 June 2007, no party won an absolute majority in parliament. FRETILIN was with 21 of the 65 seats while the strongest force, but she could not win a coalition partner. Finally, the order was issued to form a government at the former president Xanana Gusmão. His CNRT had indeed can post only 18 seats for themselves, but Gusmão could form a coalition with PD and Coligação ASDT / PSD, Aliança because Maioria parlamentar ( "Alliance of the parliamentary majority " ), which provided 37 deputies in Parliament.
On February 11, 2008 assassination attempt on Gusmão failed. The prime minister escaped unharmed.
In the parliamentary elections on 7 July 2012, the CNRT received 30 seats, 25 seats FRETILIN, the PD and the Frenti - Mudança (FM) 2 seats. The other parties and alliances failed due to the three- percent threshold. CNRT, PD and Frenti - Mudança form a coalition government, the FRETILIN is the only opposition party. Gusmão was confirmed as prime minister.