Prix de Rome
The Prix de Rome or Rome Prize was first awarded by the Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture to visual artists in the 17th century award, which was associated with a scholarship and a multi-year stay in Rome. After the closure of the Royal Academy (1793) wrote the newly founded Académie in 1803, the Beaux -Arts of the price and the corresponding competition, was also included in the music. The awards were discontinued after the student riots in May 1968.
- 3.1 Prize winners "Music" (selection)
- 4.1 Prize winners (selection)
The Prix de Rome was founded by Louis XIV in 1666 to life in order to enable young talented architects, painters, sculptors, etchers, and the study of classical arts in Rome, the cradle of European art. As the seat of the set up for that purpose by Jean -Baptiste Colbert Académie de France à Rome, Villa Medici was the first palace Mancini, from 1803 rented.
Winner of the Prix de Rome
Laureate "architecture" (selection)
Laureate "Sculpture" (selection)
Laureate " painting" (selection)
In 1803 we expanded the award of the Prix de Rome to the field of music. From then on he has been awarded annually. Condition was studying at the Paris Conservatoire, and in a multi-phase excretion music students were with a final cantata composition win (on a given text ) of this prestigious and highly coveted scholarship. During their stay, Fellows had to annually submit another piece of music which has been rated by the members of the Académie. Numerous well-known composers won this coveted prize. In 1968, the competition has been abolished, but the Academy scholarships are awarded again in 1971.
The prize was awarded in four classes that were not awarded each year: "premier Premier Grand Prix" (1st prize ), " deuxième Premier Grand Prix" (2nd prize ), "premier Second Grand Prix " (1 Second Prize ) and " deuxième Second Grand Prix " (2 Second Prize ). The fact that the jury also may be wrong and not every contender for the Prix de Rome musical Living in his artistic achievement is appreciated is demonstrated by the example of Maurice Ravel, who competed five times and never got it. In the first experiment in 1900 and the last attempt in 1905 ( In 1904, he tried it not ) he already retired from in the first round. 1905 this led to such a big scandal that Théodore Dubois, head of the Paris Conservatoire, was forced to resign.
Laureate "Music" (selection)
Prix de Rome for music in Belgium
After the French model Fétis resulted in 1841 in Belgium a Prix de Rome for composition one, this was awarded to 1973, mandatory work was a cantata.