The 1 HNL is the highest football league for club teams in Croatia. It is one sporty to European middle class.
The Croatian professional league
The First Croatian Football League ( HNL - Hrvatska Nogomentna League ) was created after the independence of the State of Croatia in 1991 were among the founding members.
HNK Hajduk Split
NK Istra Pula
NK GOŠK Dubrovnik
Never been relegated since the foundation are:
- HNK Hajduk Split
- Dinamo Zagreb
- NK Osijek
- HNK Rijeka
In the first League play 10 teams in two rounds against each other. At the end of the season the last team descends directly, while the second to last team has in the play-offs.
After the league since 2002, constantly belonged to 12 clubs, was after long discussions enforced a league with 16 teams within the association, and many disagreements for the season 2009/10 for the umpteenth time in 2009. Substance which was with the many outlets in the years before. One can be convinced that players " medium " class would not switch to second division abroad and thus disappear from the scene if more clubs are available within the league that could use such players well. Main proponents of this league was the former national team of Croatia and current League President Igor Štimac. Because the licensing conditions to the UEFA equalized in recent years - and aggravating - were more and more clubs in the premier league do not have a license compatible Stadium. In order to receive the license, they had to resort to stadiums in the area, for example, carries the new first division side Karlovac its home games in Zaprešić from NK Istra plays in Rijeka, Zagreb Lokomotiva the stadium Dinamo Zagreb and Varaždin Medjimurje.
After the season 2011/12 this controversial scheme was, however, abolished, so then again participated 12 teams per season. Since the season 2013/2014 the league was reduced to 10 teams.
League table of the first HNL
The league table of the first Croatian league is a statistical listing of all championship games since its inception in 1992. The three - point rule is chosen as the basis, ie, three points for a win, one point per draw, and no points for a loss.
The clubs bold play in the 2012/13 season in the first league. As of July 2011.
In the 1995/96 season two first leagues were played. The League " 1 A "and" 1 B " where the" first A " stronger league was twelve clubs, while in the " first B " played only ten clubs. After round-trip round the top five clubs in the " first played A " and the first in the league" 1 B " to the Master. The next seven teams from the league " 1 A " and the second in the league," 1 B " played for the stay in the first division. The remaining eight clubs from " 1 B " played to the whereabouts in the second league. This constellation is different game numbers of the individual clubs arise.
Croatian Cup Winner
Croatian Supercup winner
UEFA five year ranking
Position in the UEFA five year ranking (in brackets the previous year placement). The abbreviation CL and EL countries behind the coefficients indicate the number of representatives in the 2014/15 season of the Champions League and the Europa League.
- 20 (23 ) Belarus Belarus (league, cup ) - Coefficient: 20.875 - CL: 1, EL: 3
- 21 (20 ) Poland Poland (league, cup ) - coefficient: 20,750 - CL: 1, EL: 3
- 22 (21 ) Croatia (league, cup ) - Coefficient: 19.583 - CL: 1, EL: 3
- 23 (24 ) Sweden Sweden (league, cup ) - Coefficient: 15.625 - CL: 1, EL: 3
- 24 (18 ) Scotland (league, cup ) - Coefficient: 15.191 - CL: 1, EL: 3
As of the end of the European campaign of 2012/13