The Pterophorinae are a subfamily of the spring moths ( Pterophoridae ) within the butterflies ( Lepidoptera).
- 4.1 Notes and references
- 4.2 Literature
The defining characteristic of the subfamily is a two-part Signum ( a spike- shaped chitinisierter extension ) in the bursa copulatrix of the female. In addition, the front wing of the Pterophorinae are always cut only once.
Way of life
The main food crops account (Asteraceae ) dar. In addition to these is eaten of plants from about 20 other very different families. The caterpillars of most species live on herbaceous plants, some even in woody plants. The species of the genus Buckleria feed on sundew plants ( Droseraceae ). A few species are considered pests in agriculture, such as Platyptilia carduidactyla to artichokes.
The Pterophorinae are with previously known 852 species worldwide, the largest subfamily of spring moths. In Europe, 140 species have been recorded, of which 77 are in Central Europe. The species of the former subfamily Platyptilinae Tutt, 1907, which was defined on the basis of Flügeladerung of the hind wings, are now counted as the Pterophorinae, since this feature has been shown to be paraphyletic.
The following species list was published by Gielis (1996).
- Platyptilia Hübner,
- Gillmeria Tutt, 1905
- Lantanophaga Zimmermann, 1958
- Stenoptilodes Zimmermann, 1958
- Paraplatyptilia Bigot & Picard, 1986
- Amblyptilia Hübner,
- Stenoptilia Hübner,
- Buzkoiana Kocak, 1981
- Cnaemidophorus Wallengren, 1862
- Marasmarcha Meyrick, 1886
- Geina Tutt, 1907
- Procapperia Adamczewski, 1951
- Paracapperia Bigot & Picard, 1986
- Capperia Tutt, 1905
- Buckleria Tutt, 1905
- Oxyptilus Zeller, 1841
- Crombrugghia Tutt, 1907
- Stangeia Tutt, 1905
- Megalorhipida Amsel, 1935
- Puerophorus Arenberger, 1989
- Gypsochares Meyrick, 1890
- Pselnophorus Wallengren, 1881
- Hellinsia Tutt, 1905
- Oidaematophorus Wallengren, 1862
- Emmelina Tutt, 1905
- Adaina Tutt, 1905
- Caliciphora Kasy, 1960
- Porrittia Tutt, 1905
- Merrifieldia Tutt, 1905
- Wheeleria Tutt, 1905
- Pterophorus Schäffer, 1766