Puno on the map of Peru
Puno is the capital city of the Puno region with 118,000 inhabitants and is located 3,800 meters high on the shore of Lake Titicaca in southern Peru. It was founded on November 4, 1688 by the Viceroy Pedro Fernández Castro Andrade, the Conde de Lemos. Puno is also known under the name " Ciudad de Plata " ( engl. the town of Silver) known. The name comes from the old days, where were the silver mines of the richest Puno Peru.
Geography and climate
The city of Puno is located directly on Lake Titicaca and the cold, semi- arid climate is greatly influenced by it. The rainy season begins in October and ends in late April. The annual average temperature ranges between 14 ° C and 3 ° C.
Puno is the terminus of the Peruvian Southern Railway ( Ferrocarril del Sur ) of Matarani with connection to Cusco. The line traffic on the railway line to Arequipa is maintained by tourism trains, Monday, Wednesday and Saturday mornings leave each morning the station. The public transport with trains was discontinued in favor of the more convenient and faster (remote) bus 1999. Many long-distance bus routes connect Puno with the rest of the country. The nearest airport is in Juliaca, about 50 km away.
Puno also has a harbor, from which mainly trade and passenger transport to the various islands are made on the Lake Titicaca and the neighboring Republic of Bolivia.
Culture and sights
Puno is a popular with tourists starting point for excursions to the islands in Lake Titicaca and other attractions in the area.
In addition to the real islands in Lake Titicaca, there are also the floating islands of the Urus; this is artificial, made of reed grass islands on which today approx. 2000 Uro- idigenous live.
Cathedral The Cathedral is a Roman Catholic church and was in the 17th century at Plaza Mayor ( main square ) was built in the Spanish Baroque style. The front was decorated by the Peruvian sculptor Simón de Asta with decorative elements from the regional flora and fauna. Inside the church, the Spanish baroque blended with elements of Andean culture.
Arco Deustua A stone built arch, which was built to commemorate the patriots who have come in the fight for the freedom of Peru died.
Balcon del Conde de Lemus (Eng. The balcony of the Duke ) This building was one of the first in Puno and was built after the founding of the city in 1668. According to stories, the viceroy Pedro Antonio Fernández de Castro lived in the house to put down a local uprising. Today there is a gallery and the establishment of the National Institute of Culture in the house.
- "Casa del Corregidor "
- Hill Huajsapata
- Viewpoint " kuntur Huasi "
- Viewpoint " Puma Uta "
- Market stalls at the port as well as the daily market in the city, going about their business in the mainly locals.
- Sillustani, grave towers from the 13th to the 14th century, the Kolla culture; about 30 km west of Puno
The Reserva Nacional del Titicaca covers a wide swampy area before Puno. Boat tours show visitors the natural beauty of the lake.
The girls' school " Colegio Santa Rosa" has a school partnership with the Graf- Stauffenberg -Gymnasium in Osnabrück. This partnership has existed for over 20 years and serving the intercultural exchange between students in Germany and Peru. At regular intervals delegations of schools visit each other to maintain alive the partnership.
- Edgar Valcárcel (1932-2010), composer
- Teodoro Valcárcel (1900-1942), composer
Andean train on Lake Titicaca
View of Lake Titicaca
At the port of Puno
Hotel complex in Lake Titicaca