Pushkinskaya (Moscow Metro)
Pushkinskaya (Russian Пушкинская (debate? / I ) ) is an underground station of the Moscow Metro on the Tagansko - Krasnopresnenskaja - line (also called line 7 ). He was taken on 17 December 1975 as part of the completion of the central stretch of the line in operation, which combined the 1971 and 1972 completed stations Kitai -Gorod and Barrikadnaya together and enabled a continuous operation of the line.
The platform of the subway station Pushkinskaya is applied 51 meters below the surface and thus provides the lowest- station line dar. Access to Metro Station is located in the historical center of Moscow on the eponymous Pushkin Square, which by the intersection of Northern Boulevard ring is formed with the major arterial road Tverskaya. Pushkinskaya is in the Moscow metro system is part of a strongly undrawn Umsteigeknotens a total of three stations to which besides Pushkinskaya Metro Station Tverskaya of "green" Samoskworezkaja line and the subway station Chekhovskaya include the "gray" Serpuchowsko - Timirjasewskaja line.
The underground station has two separate entrances on the north and on the south side of the Pushkin Square. The northern entrance is located in a widely branched pedestrian subway, lead the staircase outputs, for example, directly to the Boulevard Ring and the Pushkin monument standing there, but also to Tverskaya Street near the delicatessen shop Jelissejew. There is also the counter hall from one equipped with escalators exit to the building of the editorial board of the newspaper Izvestia. The main hall of the northern access serves as the access to both the Pushkinskaya and Tverskaya metro station to; lead to two from there escalators. The south access, which also serves as access to the station Chekhovskaya is also integrated into a pedestrian underpass, which is located below the Boulevard ring and having outputs on both sides of it.
The station Pushkinskaya has in the platform area in a simple, two-pronged basic shape. Bridges lead from the platform in the middle portion above the tracks, the direct transitions after Tverskaya or Chekhovskaya. The beginning of both platforms transitions with escalator shafts leading to the two main halls in the output area.
Metro Station has no above-ground vestibule; both switches halls one level below the earth have a factual and architecturally insignificant figure.
The central platform is visually divided into three parts; the wider central concourse of both parties are each bounded by a series of arcade -like white marble columns and the vault is completed by bronze chandelier in the form of a typical Orthodox churches candelabra. The entire platform area is designed with paneling of the exterior and interior walls in white color, the floor is made of light gray Granodioritplatten.
Building on the Russian national poet Alexander Pushkin, is named in his honor the Pushkin Square to the Metro Station, four brass plaques were on the outer walls of the concourse above the tracks with inside embossed stylized motifs from the life and work of the poet ( including attached with historical illustrations of the cities of Moscow, St Petersburg, Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum, as well as with famous quotations from Pushkin 's poems ). In addition, there is a bust of Pushkin at the southern end of the platform in the output area.
Until 1990, the station Tverskaya was still called Gorkovskaya and so were all three subway stations in the transfer hubs named under the Pushkin Square by famous Russian writers (Pushkin, Gorky and Chekhov ), which not only in Moscow but also in the entire former Soviet Union ( in it was quite common to name metro stations after famous personalities ) a unique constellation represented.