The Pusteria (Italian Val Pusteria, Ladin Val de puffer ) is a located in South Tyrol and East Tyrol valley in the Alps that runs east limit as in west-east direction between the Rio Pusteria in Italy in the west and the Lienz Klause in Austria.
It is often referred to as " Pusteria " only the South Tyrolean part of the valley. The local communities, together with those of several side valleys, the district community Pusteria.
Geological and geographical description of
The Pusteria is essentially a part of the " Periadriatic seam" said fault that the Southern Alps of the Central Alps (and usually also the Limestone of the central gneiss massifs and slate mountains ) separated. It drained half to the west ( to Eisack and thus in the Adriatic Sea ), the other half to the east ( to the Danube and thus the Black Sea ). The watershed is located in the valley floor on the Dobbiaco field at Dobbiaco. The western Pusteria ( also called the "Green Valley ", consistently located in South Tyrol ), is traversed by the Rienz, eastern, located mainly in East Tyrol from the Drava River. This eastern part is also known as " Alta Pusteria ".
East of Sillian leaves the Pusteria Periadriatic the line (which changes over the Gail Valley ) and pulls ostnordostwärts down to Lienz.
The villages in the valley located at an altitude 750-1180 m, the most important of which are in the western Dobbiaco Pusteria, catfish mountain, Olang and Brunico, in eastern Pusteria Innichen, Sillian and Mittenwald.
The largest tributaries of the Rienz form Antholz stream, Ahr, Lago di Bach, Bach Gsieser, Gader, Pfunderer Bach and Lüsenbach. The largest tributary is the Campo Tures. The largest tributaries of the Drava river in the eastern Pusteria are Sesto Bach and Villgratenbach.
Ignaz Paprion was the first, from the Slavic word " pust " the name Pusteria ( desolate, barren ) herleitete. This view has later historians, such as Josef von Hormayr and the Slavic Franz Miklosich. Karl Finsterwalder however, bore the name of a Celtic personal names, namely Busturus, possibly a chieftain of Saevaten back; the place name is of Celtic origin Vintl. Heinz Dieter Pohl also argues that the name can not be inferred from the Slavic, because the Slavs were never ventured as far west ( the western boundary of the Slavic area was the Lienz hermitage ). The name came from Celtic Pustrissa substrate, as well as San Candido ( area of Indius ). The suffix- issa was added in Celtic toponyms generally to personal names, to denote a location that the person belongs (eg Vindonissa = location of a Vindonos, Katsch from Katissa = location of Kato. Way also Pustrissa whether as derived from the Celtic personal names Busturus to interpret ( in Noricum and Pannonia Busturus Busturo ) ( pagus Pustrissa = Gau of Busturus ).
The Toblacher field, the highest area of Val Pusteria, was 590-600 scene of the first clashes between the Bavarians under Duke Tassilo I, who wanted to spread to the southeast, and the Alpine Slavs who selbiges were going in the opposite direction, but were prevented from. 769 then initiated Duke Tassilo III. not far from there, the foundation of the monastery of San Candido to Slavs proselytizing. Some time later ( 783 ) belongs to this part of the Alta Pusteria to the Bishopric of Freising ( until 1803 ).
The victory Hardinger Engelbert IV is known as one of the owners of Gaugrafschaft Pusteria. By marrying his daughter Richardis of Lavant was Siegfried I of Spanheim († 1065 ) in the possession of the county. Siegfried's son Engelbert I was relieved during the Investiture Controversy 1091 the county and the Bishops of Brixen were entrusted by imperial donation to the county, which ranged from the Muhlbacher to Lienz Klause.
Otto von Andechs, Bishop of Brixen, anno 1165 enfeoffed his brother Berthold III. with the counties puffer and Norital. With the extinction of the Andechs 1248 the Counts of Tyrol came into the possession of the county Pusteria.
1253 went out the line of Tyrol, and Meinhard I, son of the last Count of Tyrol Albert III. , Inherited including the Pusteria. After his death in 1258, his sons divided Meinhard II and Albert in 1271 the common territory, the Pusteria Albert fell to whose line, the Counts of Gorizia, in 1500 became extinct. According Erbvertrag took Maximilian I of Habsburg dominion over the area. This had an impact on the political development of today's East Tyrol, which was independent up to this point from the rest of the Tyrol.
Developed Consistently transport links is the Val Pusteria state road 49 ( Italian: Strada Statale 49 della Pusteria ) and the main road B 100 ( European route E 68 ), furthermore the Pusteria Valley Railway ( Italian: ferrovia della Val Pusteria ) and a bike path from Bruneck to Lienz which is performed only in a few narrows of the Val Pusteria state road; of Toblach ( or Innichen ) to Lienz the bike path is also Drauradweg ( Italian: Ciclabile della Drava ) called.
The South Tyrolean legend of the Trude, the child in the shade, which must obey the Knights crowd Hart, and how this then it dies in judicial duels against Marhild, plays in Val Pusteria.
Also located in the Alta Pusteria is a legend about the giant Haunold growing up at the source Admirabus in the innermost Villgratental, the Hun princes of Hein rock overcomes the duel and the construction of the monastery of San Candido is involved before he is caught up to the mountain of the same.
Historically accurate is the magician Thurn Urban, who is said to have driven his mischief on Thurntaler and was executed in four chess.
Tales of the Wild Fohre and the immediate Schuster are particularly widespread in the eastern Pusteria.