A pyaemia (Greek pyon = " pus " and aima = " blood " ) is a special form of sepsis (blood poisoning), in which infectious germs spread from the original stove from other organs of the body ( metastasize ). In this context one also speaks of a metastatic general infection.
After external injuries or surgeries are spreading at a pyemia pathogens, mainly staphylococci such as Staphylococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus pyogenes, Staphylococcus aureus or Neisseria such as Neisseria meningitidis by means of embolic procrastination, ( via the blood ) to other organs such as the lungs, heart, liver, spleen kidney and brain, but also joints, from. There they form organ abscesses and purulent inflammation and tissue destruction call forth. These patients have a very high fever and chills. A pyaemia is a very serious disease that leads to death if not treated. The prognosis is more favorable than in sepsis.
A special variant of a pyaemia is puerperal fever. Ignaz Semmelweis, who discovered the cause of puerperal fever, died of pyaemia.