Qom and Qom (also Kum or Qum; persian قم / ɢom / ) is the capital of the province of Qom in Iran. Qom has over 1,000,000 inhabitants and is one of the holy cities of Shia.
Qom is located on the eponymous river Qom, 132 km south of Tehran on the old route and the new highway to Isfahan, 978 m above sea level.
Here pottery, glass and cotton textiles are produced; important agricultural goods from the area are cereals, cotton, fruit, nuts and poppy seeds. In the vicinity there are gas and oil fields.
Settlements in the region are occupied from the 4th millennium BC. The Persian city of Qom existed in Sasanian times; Middle Persian documents consign the name Goman in the reign of King Shapur I. Iranian Great ( 240-270 AD). Archaeological evidence of urban culture are also from the Parthian Empire. Schirsad ( Šērzād ) is preserved as satrap of the region during the decline of the Sassanids.
In the 10th century, the 712 or 713 by Arabs from Kufa again populated city became one of the most important centers of Shiite learning. In the year 817 died here Fatima al - Masuma, the sister of the eighth Imam, and was in a magnificent shrine (see attractions ) buried.
The city of Qom has in addition to numerous teaching centers on two state universities ( the University of Qom and the Islamic Theological College of Qom) and the non-governmental ( free ) Islamic Azad University of Qom.
The Islamic Theological College of Qom was in Europe Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini in particular by known. According to him, the Imam Khomeini Institute (also: Imam Khomeini Institute) named since the inauguration of a new building in 1995. It is the seat of the extremist Hojjatieh society. The theology school of Qom, where most Iranian preachers are trained occupies the second rank to Najaf with the Shiites. Through the Islamic Revolution and Ruhollah Khomeini, its importance grew. The number of students and teaching clerics rose after 1979 to about 50,000. Qom is considered contrary to Najaf at the Shiites as conservative and gives the Islamic clergy the right to form the government.
The shrine of Fatima Masuma, a place of pilgrimage, with its golden dome dominates the cityscape.
1991 around Qum at 34 ° 39 '0 "N, 50 ° 54 ' 0" O34.6550.9 a missile test site was set up. On 25 September 2009 it was announced that a further investment of the Iranian nuclear program is near Qom.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Abu'l- Qasim Faizi (1906-1980), Bahai and Hand of the Cause of God
- Mohammad Fazel Lankarani (1931-2007), Grand Ayatollah
- Mehdi Hairi Yazdi (1923-1999), philosopher
Qom has twinned with:
- Spain Santiago de Compostela, Spain