The place Qullissat (deprecated also Qutdligssat ) is on the north side of the island Qeqertarsuaq (also known Disko Island ) on the west coast of Greenland. It was built specifically to house the miners, after it was found there coal. At peak times of coal mining lived in the village of over 1,500 people; Today the place is deserted. The workers were predominantly indigenous Inuit, the management was provided by European immigrants. Any naturally grown settlement of hunters and scavengers has not passed at this point.
Coal mining began in 1924 and was reinstated in 1972. For completion of the break there are three reasons:
- The removal of the coal was extremely laborious and costly. The coal had to be first brought to the shore. However, the construction of a port was not possible because the shore is very shallow, a pier because of the strong Eisganges but could not be built. So the coal was first loaded into small boats, and then had to be transhipped in lying at anchor larger transport ships.
- Only in the winter months, the reduction was possible because the pit was flooded during the warm months by the strong melt-water tributaries of the surrounding ice partially. Under these circumstances, the promotion fell to less than 2 tons per day.
- At the beginning of the 70s there were among the workers first efforts, a workers' representative and party to establish what should be avoided at all costs.
For more information on the history of the mine and mining in Greenland are commonly seen in Knut Rasmussen Museum in Ilulissat.
Development after the end of mining
After the end of coal mining, the settlement was abandoned and the inhabitants moved to the part of the far south of Greenland, with the majority now living in Ilulissat. For this reason, the Church of Qullissat was dismantled and is now in Ilulissat above the local sports field.
In 2005, broke from a glacier Qullissat opposite from such a large piece that the place was inundated by a tidal wave that penetrated 250 meters into the settlement and the largest parts of the buildings destroyed on the shore.
Today, some earlier houses are located also used in the summer months of hunters to have a place to sleep at the Ren - hunting.
Ilulissat: Church of Qullissat
Qullissat: Destroyed building