2013-2014 ( ČD )
The Railjet (proper spelling railjet, abbreviated RJ ) is a long-distance passenger train of the Austrian Federal Railways ( ÖBB), which is one of the fastest trains drawn by locomotives in the world. It represents a common type of train ÖBB, Deutsche Bahn, the Swiss Federal Railways and the Hungarian State Railways Magyar Államvasutak The train was presented to the public on 15 September 2008 for the first time, and used the timetable change 2008/2009 of the ÖBB in commercial operation. Since July 30, 2012 all 51 members appointed by the ÖBB trains are in operation. As a second customer ordered 2012, the Czech Railways ( ČD ) seven copies of Railjet.
- 3.1 Design
- 4.1 ÖBB railjet
- 4.2 ČD railjet
- 5.1 Areas of application
- 5.2 ( Wiesbaden - Frankfurt - Mannheim - Stuttgart - Ulm - Augsburg - ) Munich - Vienna - Budapest
- 5.3 Vienna - Innsbruck - Zurich / Bregenz
- 5.4 Vienna - Graz and Vienna - Klagenfurt - Villach ( - Lienz)
- 5.5 train routes in the timetable in 2014
The delivery of the trains was announced 2005. To order, Siemens, Bombardier and CAF competed. At its meeting of 9 February 2006, the Supervisory Board of ÖBB-Holding approved the procurement of 23 sets worth 245 million euros. An option provided for the delivery of a further 40 sets in 2015.
The total price for the products manufactured by Siemens Mobility 23 trains amounts to 244 million euros. Overall conception, design of the car bodies and interiors were performed on the Siemens locations Graz and Vienna. There began in November 2006, the construction of the car. The first shell superstructure was completed in August 2007 and on 21 April 2008 rolled the first nor shortened set from the factory in Vienna. By December 2009, the first 23 units were in use. Any further -reaching option to purchase additional units was perceived by the ÖBB board - a total of 44 additional trains were ordered with a total value of 540 million euros in October 2007. In December 2010, the Czech railway company České Railways ( ČD ) announced plans to take over the option for the last 16 of these trains of ÖBB. These should be used in the Czech Republic together with locomotives of the series 380 of Škoda.
In September 2011, ČD order with Siemens for the supply of 16 Railjet sets. So you exercised originally intended for the ÖBB Contract option. The seven -car trains to be delivered between 2013 and 2014 and run between Brno and Prague as well as in cross-border long-distance transport to Austria, Germany, Hungary and Slovakia. The order was worth more than 200 million euros.
The aim of the ÖBB was with the Railjet fleet to replace all former ÖBB Euro City trains. In Covered plans, the Railjet system with railcars to implement (such as the ICE T), had been discarded. On 12 July 2008, a four-part Railjet set with 275 km / h between St. Valentine and Amstetten drove a new speed record for an Austrian train in Austria.
The Railjet dining car comes with full-fledged restaurants instead of the bar - bistros and started to rebuild the existing bistro car in the dining car - Due to the dissatisfaction of travelers have been since July 2011 - beginning with the attachment 38. The renovation of the train sets was accomplished primarily with the installation of ETCS Level 2, which was necessary because since December 2012 the Western Railway only ETCS -compatible sets may be used. Next was started in the first half of 2012 to equip the sets with Wi-Fi. It was planned that the entire fleet has to end 2012 with wireless internet access and a restaurant car.
The first use on the Southern Railway took place on 12 October 2011 with a pair of trains on the route Vienna - Graz, from November 7, 2011 was followed by another pair of trains on the route Vienna - Villach. The set 49 was completely foiled in 2012 for the anniversary "175 Years of Railway in Austria ", the set 50 is to operate for at least one year with the " police " Werbelok 1116,250 before it is not stuck. In July 2012, the last RJ- set number 51 was passed for the ÖBB in Simmering.
Since the timetable change on December 9, 2012 Railjet is planned in Austria with 230 km / h on the road. Currently, this rate is on the portions Vienna - possible Breitenschützing - St. Pölten, St. Valentin - Linz and Lambach. On the new line in the lower Inn valley 220 km / h to be driven. The switch to ETCS Level 2 in winter initially led to significant disturbances, the normalized only in the course of the winter. The most common cause were forced braking and reduced speed by inconsistencies of the various position and velocity sensors ( wheel sensor, ground penetrating radar, GPS and fixed beacons ) and gravel flight to ice formation. Furthermore, there was at least once an incident with a whipped by the blast door at ÖBB competitors Western Railway. Also the Railjet not reported an incident with a lost door, but on the high-speed line.
After a temporary disinterest ČD ordered in August 2012 established seven Railjet sets. The deliveries of the order of € 100 million will be made from 2014. There was also an option for a further eight eight -car trains, but this was dropped in September 2013.
From December 2014 to be set up in 2 -hour intervals with the seven ČD Railjet sets and three ÖBB Railjets a Community Transport Graz-Vienna - Prague. The Railjet purchased by the ČD also have an electronic seat reservation and passenger information system. The set consists of rented ÖBB Taurus -3 locomotives, five cars, 2nd class, a dining car as the ÖBB railjet and a control car with business and first class.
In April 2013, a public presentation RJ drive held in the Czech Republic. For this purpose, two Pendolino services, conducted on 17 April, the SC 513 train from Prague to Ostrava and on 18 April the train SC 506 from Bohumín to Prague, with an RJ.
According to a press release in June 2013 working on an authorization of the RJ in Italy, to carry out a continuous transport from Vienna to Venice with Railjet can.
In October 2013, the entire set including the 51 Lok 1116.251 was provided with a Werbebeklebung for the Austrian Ski Federation, which was presented simultaneously with the presentation of the new sportswear for the athletes at the Vienna Westbahnhof.
Since the beginning of February 2014, made with the control car and four of the six intermediate cars of the first ČD RJ- set test drives.
In contrast to other railway companies, ÖBB will the high speed rail not on multiple units, but on locomotive-hauled push-pull trains. The Railjet sets exist, much like the German Metropolitan Express Train, from individual cars, which are interconnected with cup sleeve couplings and at the ends of normal screw couplings. This allows them to be pulled from the existing locomotives. Due to the rigid coupling between the cars, the cars could be fitted with wide pressure-tight wagon transition. At the car transitions fire doors are fitted, which are open normally.
The Railjet trains combine characteristics of railcars with such normal hauled trains. You can theoretically be shortened or lengthened in the workshop to deliver the cars and can therefore better adapt to the traffic of a connection. In practice, this has not been applied, and courses with particularly high passenger volumes are performed with a double set. The interior offers despite the basically classical Wendezugtechnik the comfort of a trainset without transitional doors between the cars.
The low for high -speed trains maximum speed limit of 230 km / h, no major drawback with the use, as the Railjet is mainly used for compounds that have a small proportion of high- speed lines.
In Railjet there, like the Metropolitan, no regular classes of cars more. The original concept of Railjet saw (like in an airplane ) three classes: economy ( the current second class ) first, ( comparable to the first class) and premium ( a top class with even more space and special catering services ). This, however, was economically a failure: The premium class (which, after all half a car occupied ) was mostly empty. Beginning of 2012 made the ÖBB therefore the service concept to: From premium was the business ( with unchanged larger space, but without extra catering ), first remained first and economy remained economy. The award for the top class fell from 25 euros to 15 euros. Structural changes, however, accounted for cost reasons.
- Vehicle Classes
There are critical voices to the offer. Critics complained, among other things insufficient space for luggage, missing opportunities to bring ski equipment (despite the reachable by trains ski areas ) and sometimes to small number of seats. The majority of trains in Railjet traffic between Austria and Switzerland also come to late. Another point of criticism is the lack of opportunity for bicycles. End of July 2012, it was announced in a press release that the bicycles in Railjet to be introduced.
In contrast to other trains due to the higher rail wear are also incurred higher track access charges in Austria that fail by about 3 % higher and thus increase the running costs.
The trains consist of a 185 meter long each push pull, steel construction, consisting of a control cars and six intermediate cars. From this intermediate car with open seating car with 55 seats, the first- class is equipped, in a cart for the restaurant and ten seats in the First Class. Three cars are open seating car with 80 seats in economy class, and a car is dome car with 76 seats in economy class and one-sided normal train and shock device. The 16 seats in business class are located in the control car. This train is pulled by a multi-system Taurus Taurus 2 or 3 engine with up to 230 km / hr. Includes locomotive comes the train to a total length of 205 meters. To increase capacity two train units can be connected to a 14 -car train with two locomotives. In control mode set and locomotive always remain coupled. The car can be powered via the train line with all four UIC voltages ( AC 15000 V / 16,7 Hz or 25000 V / 50 Hz and DC 1500 V or 3000 V).
Overall, a train has 408 ( previously planned: 440) seats, including 16 in Business, 76 in the first and 316 in Economy Class. This three-car -class classification is based on the division in the air transport sector and the AVE high-speed trains in Spain and the Euro Star from London to Paris or Brussels. In the two higher classes, which are collectively equivalent to the first class, at-seat service is available. For the business class is a supplement of 15 euros is payable; is included in a free drink, newspaper, and at-seat service. It replaced from 1 April 2012, the previously offered premium class. For First and Business class this is a separate kitchen. Similarly, a dining car with 14 seats is included in the train. The other service functions include, among others, free Wi-Fi within Austria, a disabled toilet, a wheelchair hoist on each exit page, a children's cinema and parking for strollers. One way to bicycles was announced for spring 2013.
The entire interior and exterior design of the vehicles and the Railjet trademarks originate from the specialized strategic design company, Spirit Design from Vienna. The design of the Railjet has won several awards: 2008, it was nominated for the " Createch Award", awarded by the Austrian Federal Ministry for Transport, Innovation and Technology. 2009, received the " Good Design " of the German Designer Club and the design quality seal "red dot" from the Design Centre of North Rhine -Westphalia. In addition, it has twice been nominated for the Design Award of the Federal Republic of Germany (2009, 2010) and once for the Austrian State Prize for Design ( 2009). It was also awarded the prize " Consumer Favorite 09" in which was announced by iF Design Forum Hannover Universal Design Award.
The different cars have the following UIC genus letters, codes for the exchange process, country codes, and UIC wagon numbers, where xx is the Railjet combination and x is the check digit, or 2YY -y order number and check digit of the Taurus engine meet. The number of Railjet combination has nothing to do with the car numbers required for reservations, which are rate -dependent.
- Locomotive 91 81 1116 2YY -y and 91 -y 81 1216 2YY A- ÖBB (Siemens ES64U2 or ES64U4 known from the Euro Sprinter family in Austria as Taurus )
- Bmpz 73 81 22-90 1xx x A- ÖBB (second class)
- Bmpz 73 81 22-90 2xx x A- ÖBB (second class)
- Bmpz 73 81 22-90 3xx - x A- ÖBB (second class)
- Bmpz 73 81 22-90 4xx x A- ÖBB (second class)
- ARbmpz 73 81 85-90 5xx x A- ÖBB (first class restaurant and info point )
- AMPZ 73 81 19-90 6xx x A- ÖBB (first class)
- Afmpz 73 81 80-90 7xx x A- ÖBB (driving trailer and first class Business )
Encoded in the numbers, the following information:
- Electric locomotive for speeds over 190 km / h, Austria, Series 1116 and 1216
- 2nd class passenger coach with more than 24.5m length, center aisle, electricity supply from a train line, used internationally, pressure-tight and air-conditioned, over 160 km / h electric heater, Austria, ÖBB
- Half dining car with additional first -class seats, suitable for the less, more than 24.5m length, center aisle, electricity supply from a train line, used internationally, pressure-tight and air-conditioned, special design, more than 160 km / h electric heater, Austria, ÖBB
- 1st class coaches with more than 24.5m length, center aisle, electricity supply from a train line, used internationally, pressure-tight and air-conditioned, over 160 km / h electric heater, Austria, ÖBB
- Control car with squares of the first class ( First Class and Premium Class ) and a length of more than 24.5 m in length, center aisle, electricity supply from a train line, used internationally, pressure-tight and air-conditioned, control cars, over 160 km / h electric heater, Austria, ÖBB.
- Locomotive 9181 1216 2xx x A- ÖBB (Siemens ES64U4 )
- Bmpz 73 54 20-91 00x -x CZ- ČD (second class)
- Bmpz 73 54 20-91 20x -x CZ- ČD (second class)
- Bmpz 73 54 21-91 x40 x CZ- ČD (second class)
- ARbmpz 73 54 85 91 00x -x CZ- ČD (first class restaurant and info point )
- Afmpz 73 54 80-91 00x -x CZ- ČD (driving trailer and first class)
Areas of application
All 51 sets are equipped with train protection ( PZB, LZB ) for Germany and Austria. Furthermore, were at the sets and locomotives 1 - Built in 23 additional train control systems for extended use in Switzerland ( ZUB, Integra) and Hungary ( Mirel in control car, and EVM in loco ). The locomotives were given a third, narrow pantograph for Switzerland. The command Mirel in the control car and EVM been installed in the locomotives 1116 229-231 31 additionally - Because you needed more hungary - road vehicles, is in the delivery of 29 sets. As from December 2012 for the new Vienna - St. Pölten train control ETCS Level 2 is applied, ETCS on-board systems have been installed in all sets. The sets 29-31 with Mirel equipment intended for operation from December 2014 to ÖBB 1216 locomotive between Graz and Prague. Big changes on the sets are not necessary because the Mirel works in the Czech Republic without any problems.
( Wiesbaden - Frankfurt - Mannheim - Stuttgart - Ulm - Augsburg - ) Munich - Vienna - Budapest
14 December 2008 took on this track the first four Railjets the timetable operating on and were led as a double set with a total of 14 cars: on the route Vienna - Budapest planned as RJ 40 and RJ 41 on the route Munich - Vienna - Budapest RJ 63 and RJ 66 between Munich and Vienna contributed four euro - City train pairs and an ICE additionally needed for the two- hour rides. From April 2009, reversed three Railjet pairs of trains, ICE and two Euro City's between Munich and the Austrian capital. On June 14, 2009 and September 4, 2009, the last two Euro -cities were replaced by Railjets. Four days and in the connections between Munich and Budapest - - Since the timetable change of December 2012, in relation Munich - Vienna six days compounds with Railjet trimmings served Vienna.
Since the timetable change in 2011 connecting Budapest on Friday, Saturday and Sunday - Frankfurt am Main offered. On Saturdays the train runs from Wiesbaden and travels to Budapest Keleti pu. Here, the train in Germany reached for the first time in regular service its top speed of 230 km / h Since the timetable change in December 2012, the Railjet sets sail in Austria at the speed limit.
Vienna - Innsbruck - Zurich / Bregenz
Salzburg - - Innsbruck and since December 2009, Vienna - Salzburg - Since June 2009, Vienna Innsbruck - Buchs SG - Zurich / Bregenz traveled with Railjet sets. Five days with compounds Railjet provided (travel time 7 hours 44 minutes ) Vienna - Since December 2012, in relation Vienna - Zurich. Between Vienna and Salzburg, a driving time of 2 hours and 15 minutes is planned after completion of the ongoing expansion projects of the Western Railway. With the timetable change in December 2012, the journey time reduced to 2 hours and 22 minutes. Between Vienna and Innsbruck something be sought about four hours. Since December 2012, the trunk is used in 4 hours and 15 minutes.
Vienna - Graz and Vienna - Klagenfurt - Villach ( - Lienz)
Graz and Vienna - - Klagenfurt - Since October 18, 2011 and November 7, 2011, the routes Vienna Villach be operated with the Railjet. However, the travel time of Railjet trains is the same as that of the normal EC or ÖBB IC, as the Southern Railway does not allow higher speeds exceeding 160 km / hr. From Vienna Meidling direction Semmering is operated with control car ahead. Since December 2013, a pair of trains led to Lienz.
From the timetable change in December 2014, every second Railjet from Graz to Vienna Meidling will continue over Vienna and Brno main station hl.n. to Prague hl.n. extended. For three Railjet trains of ÖBB and seven of the Czech Railways ( ČD ) are used.
Train movements in the Roadmap 2014
The following list of train movements is based on the schedule in 2014 (valid from 15 December 2013). Part of the RJ- trains is part of the ICE line 90