Ralph Linton

Ralph Linton (* February 27, 1893 in Philadelphia, USA, † December 24, 1953 New Haven, USA) was an American cultural anthropologist.


Linton is regarded as " one of the fathers of American sociology ." Linton particularly stood out through his works The Study of Man (1936) and The Tree of Culture (1955 ), in which he developed the analytical separation between social issues and social status role with great lingering effects. Status defined Linton as the position within a certain cultural pattern ("a position in a Particular pattern" ( Linton 1936: 113 )), which is connected to a collection of rights and duties. However roller is the manner how the position is filled individually. (ibid.: 114).

Writings (selection )

  • The study of man. Appleton - Century- Crofts, New York 1936.
  • The Cultural Background of Personality. D. Appleton - Century, New York 1945.
  • The Tree of Culture. Vintage Books, London, 1955.
  • Man, culture and society. Hippocrates Verlag, Stuttgart 1979, ISBN 3-7773-0469-7.