Raynans (Eng. earlier Renach ) is a commune in the French department Doubs in the Franche -Comté.
Raynans is located on 363 m, approximately 7 km west-northwest of the city of Montbéliard (air line). The village extends to the west of the basin of Montbéliard and north of Doubstals slightly increased at the northern edge of the valley of Rupt.
The area of 4.03 km ² municipal area includes a portion of the gently undulating countryside north of Doubstals. The southern boundary runs mostly along the Rupt, which is dammed here to Étangs des Princes (fish pond ). From Bach, the municipality's area extends north across the flood plain to the height of Raynans (403 m) and to the northeast of the broad trough of a side of Rupt on the plateau of Grand Bois, is achieved in the 425 meters, the highest elevation of Raynans. While the valleys and slopes are mainly consisted of arable and meadow land, the heights show predominantly forest cover.
Since the Middle Ages Raynans belonged to the territory of the Counts of Montbéliard. With the annexation of that county, the village came in 1793 final in French hands. Today Raynans is the administrative seat of the municipal association Communauté de communes de la Vallée du Rupt.
In the center a few farmhouses in the characteristic style of the Pays de Montbéliard from the 18th and 19th centuries have been preserved.
With 290 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2011) Raynans one of the small communities of the department of Doubs. Once the population has consistently had in the first half of the 20th century in the range between 100 and 140 people, a significant population increase has been recorded since the early 1970s.
Economy and infrastructure
Raynans was until well into the 20th century a predominantly by agriculture (crops, orchards and livestock ) and forestry embossed village. In addition, there are today some of the local small business enterprises. Meanwhile, the village has also changed into a residential community. Many workers are therefore commuters who do their work in the agglomeration Montbéliard.
The village is located off the major thoroughfares on a secondary road that leads from Héricourt to Sainte -Marie. The nearest links to the A36 motorway is located at a distance of about ten kilometers. Further road links exist with Échenans, Aibre and Issans.