RCD Espanyol Barcelona (Catalan Reial Club Deportiu Espanyol, Spanish Real Club Deportivo Español) is a football club from the city of Barcelona, in Spain.
The club was founded on October 28, 1900 under the President Ángel Rodríguez Ruiz by students of the University of Barcelona in the auditorium. The association is thus one of the oldest football club in Spain. The name " Espanyol " ( cat.: " Spanish" ) should show that the association is of Spanish origin.
The founding date he still operated under the official name of Sociedad Española de Fútbol. The name " Spanish football community" was chosen due to the fact that all of the founding members of Catalonia and Spain came. Over the next few years the club was, however, more and more foreigners, especially structured by British.
Espanyol, a founding member of the Primera División in 1929, is one of the Spanish clubs as a patron the King of Spain and the title of Real ( " Royal " ) in their name and coat of arms. That privilege goes to the Spanish King Alfonso XIII. from Spain back of the club in 1912 bestowed this honor.
His first major success recorded the RCD Espanyol on February 3, 1929, when it succeeded the team in the Copa del Rey, the Spanish King Cup, winning the final against Real Madrid. 1933 became one of the most successful years of the association. This year, he managed to finish third in the Spanish league. The best result to date of the club. Seven years later, in 1940, Espanyol again triumphed over Real Madrid in the final of the King Cup. This time was the result 3:2. After years of mediocrity in the table followed in 1962/ 63, the first major setback. The team got off in their history for the first time. However, soon followed the renewed resurgence in the Primera División, the highest league in Spain.
Internationally, the club made first in 1988 for sedition, when the team by then- coach Javier Clemente success as a qualifier reached surprisingly the final of the UEFA Cup. The final against Bayer 04 Leverkusen, which was then still played in two finals, is to this day one at the same time important and sad aspect in the club's history dar. After they had been beaten at home in Sarria Stadium Leverkusen 3-0, the team lost in the return match in Leverkusen on penalties 2:6. Many familiar within the context of my Espanyol today that the club could never recover from this shock. In fact, it was no longer meet his requirements in the coming years and the club found itself in a financial crisis, in which, as already discussed, including the stadium grounds had to be sold.
In the recent past, the club stabilized as far as possible - both financially and sporty. He won in 2000 and 2006 two more times the Copa del Rey and reached in May 2007, again a UEFA Cup final, which was also lost on penalties against FC Sevilla.
Espanyol plays its home games at Estadi Cornella -El Prat. As part of the economic stabilization of the association the building project was begun for a new stadium in the suburb of Cornella in the fall of 2004. It was built to the highest standards of the UEFA and, according to two stages with the requirements of the Association to meet a so-called " 4-star stadium" - now all the places are already covered. At the beginning of the season 2009/10 the Estadi Cornella -El Prat was inaugurated. With the construction of their own stadium, the club wanted to make particular regardless of the city of Barcelona, which owns the Olympic Stadium and rented it out for the home games at Espanyol. It has direct motorway access and is geographically the three cities of Cornella de Llobregat, L' Hospitalet de Llobregat and Sant Boi de Llobregat. In these neighboring cities of Barcelona traditionally lived a large portion of the fan culture of Espanyol. The training ground can be found, however, just on the other side of the metropolitan area of Barcelona, in San Adrian de Besos. Both here and in the adjacent Badalona and Santa Coloma de Gramanet one also finds a high Fanpotential.
Initially wore Espanyol its games on a wide promenade near the Sagrada Família from. In 1923 the club, then moved to the newly opened Estadi Sarria to in upscale Sarria. This was a venue at the 1982 World Cup. Until the 1996/97 season the club this venue remained faithful until he had to sell the land for financial reasons. This prompted a move on Montjuïc, the Olympic Stadium in 1992, the Olympic Stadium Lluís Companys ( 55,000 seats).
Today, the official colors of Espanyol blue and white, but to his founding era ran the player with the yellow jersey on, for the simple reason that one of the first sponsors of the team posed this available. Developed only in the next few years, today's colors of the club.
Espanyol is in contrast to Catalanian FC Barcelona still considered by many Catalans as a symbol of the Spanish central government. Nevertheless, the association changed in recent years and now also Espanyol is a Catalan club. The fan groups of them still differ in Spanish and Catalan.
The mascot of the club is a budgie, the " Perico " or " Periquito " in the club colors blue and white. This is also the supporters of the club its name.
Squad of the 2013/14 season
Former players (selection)
Over the years, Espanyol had a number of famous players in their ranks. Among other things, the legendary goalkeeper Ricardo Zamora, Alfredo Di Stéfano and club record scorer Raul Tamudo.
- Ricardo Zamora (1916-1919)
- Marcel Domingo (1948 /49 and 1952 to 1956 )
- Zoltán Czibor (1963-1965)
- Alfredo Di Stéfano (1964-1966)
- Daniel Solsona (1970-1978)
- Thomas N'Kono (1982-1991)
- Wolfram Wuttke (1990-1992)
- Dmitri Kuznetsov (1991-1994)
- Florin Răducioiu (1994-1997)
- Constantin Gâlcă (1997-2001)
- Juan Esnáider (1997-1999)
- Antonio Pacheco (2002-2002)
- Moreno Torricelli (2002-2004)
- Jordi Cruyff (2003-2004)
- Pierre Wome Nlend (2003-2004)
- Tayfun Korkut (2003-2004)
- Walter Pandiani (2006-2007)
- Daniel Jarque (2002-2009)
- Iván de la Peña (2002-2011)
- UEFA Cup finalist ( 2): 1988, 2007
- Intertoto Cup ( 1): 1968
- Copa del Rey ( 4): 1929, 1940, 2000, 2006
- Copa Macaya / Campeonato de Catalunya: 1903, 1904, 1912, 1915, 1918, 1929, 1933, 1937, 1940
- Copa Catalunya ( 6): 1995, 1996, 1999, 2006, 2010, 2011