The county rain is the northernmost district of the Bavarian administrative district of Lower Bavaria. Neighboring counties are in the northern part of the Upper Palatinate district of Cham, in the north and east of the Czech County Pilsen region ( western Bohemia ), in the southeastern district of Freyung -Grafenau, in the southwest of Deggendorf district and west of the district Straubing-Bogen.
- 3.1 District Administrators
- 3.2 Kreistag
- 4.1 traffic 4.1.1 Rail
- 4.1.2 Public transport
- 4.1.3 roads
- 4.3.1 development
- 4.3.2 characteristics
- 5.1 Municipalities of the old district Rain
The district area is quite covered by the Bavarian Forest, which here consists of the so-called inside and the Middle Bavarian Forest. Between the two lies the pile, consisting of a quartz rock landscape. The highest elevation of the Bavarian Forest, the Great Arber, located on the northern border of the county district of Cham. District and county town are named after the river rain, the source river Black Rain runs through the county territory from east to west in a wide arc. The black rain is produced in turn from two source rivers, the small and the great rain, which unite in Zwiesel, in the east of the circle.
The area of the district of rain before 1800 belonged to Bavaria. 1803, the District Courts and rain Viechtach were built. The district court Viechtach belonged first to the rain circle, from 1810 to the lower Danube Circle, to which the district court had already belonged rain before. 1838, the lower Danube Circle in Lower Bavaria has been renamed. 1862 each a county was formed from the two district courts, which in 1939 was renamed the District Office, the respective district in the county.
As part of local government reform in Bavaria in 1972, the two counties rain and Viechtach was united to the present district of Regen.
2012 sparked a CSU regional council a debate that provides to rename the district of Regen in "County ArberLand ".
Between 1988 and 2008 the county rain grew by almost 3,000 inhabitants and by around 4 %. Since 2002, the trend is for a high of approx. 82,700 inhabitants declined.
The following numbers refer to the territorial status of 25 May 1987.
The district council is composed as follows ( total 60 seats) since the local elections on March 2, 2008:
- CSU: 25 seats, 40.5%
- SPD: 14 seats, 22.9%
- GFW: 7 seats, 11.6%
- Independent: 6 seats, 10.7%
- ödp: 4 seats, 6.2%
- GREEN: 3 seats, 5.9%
- FDP: 1 seat, 2.2%
Economy and infrastructure
The AG Bayerische Ostbahnen opened up in 1877 the circle area by the railway line Plattling - Deggendorf - Rain - Zwiesel - Bavarian Eisenstein ( Bavarian Forest Railway ), which followed here at the Austrian Railways (now Czech Railways).
In 1890, two local rail lines were added, which branch off from the first line: The Bavarian State Railways set of Zwiesel with the railway line Zwiesel -Grafenau the connection to Grafenau ago, and a local train -AG implemented a range of God's cell to Viechtach.
Only decades later, in 1928, the railway network learned two more additions, and now included a network of 119 km in length:
The local railway -AG has expanded its line of Viechtach after Blaibach for railway God cell Blaibach and traded from now on as Regentalbahn AG (RAG ), while the German Reichsbahn of Zwiesel from the railway Zwiesel - ground corn built.
Regentalbahn put their 1991 haul of God Zell to Blaibach, down 38 km from a total of 119 km Railway lines in circles still; However operate between God and cell Viechtach still tourist trains of " hiking path in Regen eV". The association will, in collaboration with the municipalities and the county to a resumption of regular passenger traffic on this route.
RAG took over under the name " Forest Railway " the first passenger in 1993 on the two Zwieseler branch paths and from 1997 also on the main line platform Ling- Bavarian Eisenstein on behalf of DB Regio Bayern. The German railway continues to be represented in the district as infrastructure operators. Since December 2013, the RAG is the result of a Europe-wide tender by the BEG directly entrusted with the operation of the railway passenger.
In the district operate regional buses of RBO, as well as private bus lines, as the Igelbus. City bus lines exist in Zwiesel and rain. In the town Kirchdorf a citizen bus is operated. On some lines, especially in the western district of call lines taxis are used. In addition to the house prices of the bus companies are in individual off and collapsing lines the rates of Verkehrsgemeindschaften of the neighboring counties, notably the VLC tariff for the district of Cham, the VLD tariff for the district of Deggendorf and the VLS tariff for the district of Straubing-Bogen.
In the district of the composite ticket Bavarian Forest ticket is valid. In the communities Bavarian Eisenstein, Frauenau (both since 1 May 2010), Lindberg (since 1 August 2010), Zwiesel (since 1 June 2010), rain ( since 1 December 2010) and Langsdorf (since January 15, 2011 ) are the guest cards as so-called GUTi - ticket in the county and in neighboring counties Freyung -Grafenau and Cham.
Through the county's main roads lead 11 and 85 In addition, several state roads connect the district with these highways.
In addition to the national media Passau Neue Presse publish the Bavarian Forest messengers and the newspaper group Straubinger Tageblatt / Landshut newspaper with the Viechtacher Gazette local newspaper in the county.
Local radio unserRadio maintains deneben a studio in the district town.
Tourism in the district of Regen had its birth at the end of the 19th century with the founding of the Bavarian Forest Club. However, until the 1960s there was an increased tourism in the region. To the same extent, the number of rental companies rose. Currently approximately 32,000 beds available in the county.
Every year up to 380,000 holiday guests the county. The average stay of a guest is 6.7 days. Approx. 15% of full-time employee of the district rain work in tourism.
Cities and Towns
(Population at 31 December 2012)
No unincorporated areas
Communities of the old district Rain
- Abtschlag today to Kirchdorf im Wald
- Bärnzell today to Zwiesel
- Bishop corn
- Ground corn
- Brandten, today Langsdorf
- Sedge, in 1963 renamed in White Stone, today rain
- Bavarian Eisenstein ( Eisenstein to 1951 )
- Ellerbach, today Rinchnach
- Habischried, today Bishop corn
- High village, now bishop to corn
- Kasberg, today Rinchnach
- Kirchdorf im Wald
- Klautzenbach today to Zwiesel
- March, today rain
- Oberneumais today to rain
- Rabenstein, Zwiesel today
- Rain village, now to Kirchberg im Wald
- Rain (market, since 1932 the city )
- Rinchnachmündt today to rain
- Blow today to Kirchdorf im Wald
- Cell, today Kirchberg im Wald
- Zwiesel (market, since 1904 the city )
The district is 48 (as of September 2013) are the Bavarian State Office for Environmental designated geological sites. See the list of geological sites in the district of Regen