Regina is the capital of the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. On 19 June 1903 she received city rights (city ) and was declared on 23 May 1906 by the first provincial government under Walter Scott to the capital in the previously founded in the province.
According to the census of 2011, the population included within the city Regina 193.100 inhabitants, of which 94 025 ( 48.7 %) male and 99 075 ( 51.3 %) were female. The average age (median age) was 37.1 years ( m: 35.7, W: 38.5 ), with 82.6 % of the population were 15 years or older. The metropolitan region of Regina has 210 556 inhabitants.
Regina is the Canadian city which comes with a latitude of 50 ° 26 ' and west longitude of 104 ° 37' to the geographical center of North America the next.
- 3.1 Education
- 4.1 Wascana Centre
Regina was founded in 1882 when the Canadian Pacific Railway built a transcontinental railroad through the region. The Dominion Lands Act encouraged settlers to come into the area where they were able to buy 65 acres of land for $ 10. The town was originally called " Pile of Bones" ( pile of bones ) is known, because there were large quantities of bison bone in the area. In 1882 the city was renamed in honor of Queen Victoria in Regina (Latin for " queen ").
1883 Regina became the new capital of the Northwest Territories, as the rival Battleford was not so close to the railway line. Until the founding of Saskatchewan Regina 1905 remained the capital of the territory. On December 1, 1883 Regina officially the city (town ) was declared. The first mayor, David Scott, was elected on 10 January 1884.
A less creditable chapter in the history of the city is the delivery of Louis Riel's here. Following his defeat against the government forces in the Northwest Rebellion Riel was convicted of high treason and hanged on 16 November 1885. The trial is every summer as a play ( The Trial of Louis Riel ).
From 1892 to 1920 Regina was the headquarters of the North West Mounted Police and has since become the western headquarters of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and location of the RCMP Training Academy. Here also every summer, the RCMP is organized Musical Ride.
With more than 3,000 inhabitants Regina was born on June 19, 1903 to the city, with Jacob W. Smith as its first mayor, charged. After Saskatchewan was on September 1, 1905 become province, Regina was officially on 23 May 1906 capital. 1908, the first town hall was opened while construction began on the Houses of Parliament Province on Wascana Lake.
On June 30, 1912 a tornado devastated the city, killing 28 people, injured hundreds and destroyed more than 400 buildings. It took more than two years to repair the damage, estimated at $ 5,000,000.
The Great Depression of the 1930s caused massive unemployment in western Canada. As the frustration of the unemployed grew, climbed 1,300 people in Vancouver trains to Ottawa to demand work from the federal government. The situation escalated in Regina, where the number of protesters had grown to 1,800, as prime minister, Bennett intervened and ordered to disband the protest. On 1 July 1935, the protests in the so-called Regina Riot reached a violent climax. During the three hours of fighting, a policeman was killed, more than 80 protesters, police officers and spectators were injured.
Economy and infrastructure
The city's economy is dominated by the raw material extraction and processing, particularly oil, natural gas, kaolinite, sodium sulphite and bentonite. Agriculture is the second most important economic sector. In addition, wear especially technology companies that have settled mainly in the Innovation Place Research Park, to economic prosperity. Furthermore, the service sector plays a significant role in the city.
The largest economic sectors in the city are:
- Steel and Manufacturing
- Information Technology
- Energy and raw material processing
- Financial services and insurance
In Regina, there is also a larger movie production studio, the Canada Saskatchewan Production Studios. The studio is the largest in the province and is used for movie productions, TV shows and series.
The University of Regina is located in the southeast of the city and has over 11,000 students. Furthermore, the Saskatchewan Institute of Applied Science and Technology and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Academy is located in the city.
The Regina Public School Board operates 50 elementary schools and nine high schools following:
- Campbell Collegiate
- Balfour Collegiate
- Cochrane High School
- F.W. Johnson Collegiate
- Winston Knoll Collegiate
- Scott Collegiate
- Martin Collegiate
- Sheldon -Williams Collegiate
- Thom Collegiate
- Robert Usher Collegiate (proposed for closure )
The Catholic School Board operates 23 elementary schools and five high schools following:
- Archbishop M. C. O'Neill High School
- Dr. Martin LeBoldus High School
- Michael A. Riffel High School
- Miller Comprehensive High School
- St. Luke School
The First Nations University of Canada is the first and only Indian University of North America.
The Wascana Centre (WC ) is a 9.3 square kilometer park, which extends around the Wascana Lake. In the toilet, there is also a park for water birds, geese and other birds provides a home that does not fly south in the winter. In the Speakers' Corner on the north shore of Wascana Lake, there are gas lamps from London and birch from Runnymede Meadow, where King John signed the Magna Carta in 1215.
In autumn and winter 2003/04 Wascana Lake was evacuated and then dredged to make it five feet below. Thus the growth of weeds during the summer months should be reduced. The project was completed in mid March 2004.
In the 1930s, the lake was widened and dredged as a job creation measure of 2100 workers with hand tools and horse-drawn carriages. The bridge in the Albert Street that crosses the lake, is listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the longest bridge that spans the smallest amount of water.
The city operates a bus network, with which the Centre can be reached from most of the urban area. Regina can be reached by different roads:
- The Trans-Canada Highway from the west and east
- Highway 6 from the north and south, the border with the U.S. is 160 kilometers south
- Highway 11 from the north / northwest, Saskatoon is situated 250 kilometers north-northwest
- Highway 33 from South East
- Highway 48 from the north-west
The Regina International Airport, which is located on the western edge of the city, has two take-off and landing runways, of which flights are available in the main cities of Canada and Minneapolis (USA). The airport was completely renovated in 2005, greatly improving the passenger experience.
- List of personalities from Regina