Regional Express (abbreviated RE in Austria: REX ) is the name of a type of train in Germany, Austria and Luxembourg. In Switzerland, the analogous term RegioExpress is needed.
By 2012, only trains of the Deutsche Bahn AG were called Regional Express. Private railway companies used their own name as the product name, for example metronome (Me) or Erfurt Railway ( EBx ). The timetable change in December 2012, the VBB has introduced a pioneer uniform product name for all lines. Since then may also call their private railways trains Regional Express. The former spelling of the Deutsche Bahn AG, Regional Express, with CamelCase, is still a registered with the German Patent and Trademark Office word mark.
The Regional Express in Germany is a type of train of Deutsche Bahn, which emerged in 1994 from the former Express Train (E ) and the regional commuter train. From the regional train (RB ), he often differs by more stops distances, higher cruise speed, higher transport capacity and longer walking distances. However, the boundaries are not well defined, as some regional express lines run not parallel to regional rail lines and so hold, for example, on all stations. Because other non- state-owned railway company, the term Regional-Express were not allowed to use, blurring the boundaries between the types of trains on.
As a special form of regional express train their own train type InterRegio Express ( IRE) can be considered, which often differs from RE by even fewer traffic stops. Some IRE links to be operated in a commercial by Deutsche Bahn, whereas the regional express lines are financed through regionalization funds.
In most countries, in Germany regional express trains on fixed lines each or every two hours in an integrated interval timetable system. Often these lines carry inside of a country name. The name of the destination station and partly their short names ( train type and line number) are mounted in and on the trains.
Take the Regional Express often greater distances can be bridged. That's why he is very popular with passengers with the Happy-Weekend - Ticket or the Country tickets. On some main roads it is not or only slightly slower than the long-distance trains. The average travel speed of the trains is 70 to 90 km / h
As a rule, operate modern double-deck push-pull trains or single-storey EMUs. In part, also operate n- wagon with electric locomotives as push-pull trains or diesel railcars on non-electrified lines. On some RE- lines, such as the Donautalbahn or near- Express, also fast and modern diesel railcars with tilting technology are used.
In the late 1980s, there was the forerunner of the Regional Express on some routes, the regional railway ( RSB ).
Fastest regional express trains
Since December 2006, operate on the high-speed line Nuremberg -Ingolstadt- Munich two hourly regional express trains as München- Nürnberg- Express. These are made up of former and repainted Intercity cars and electric locomotives of the series 101. With a top speed of 200 km / h and an average cruising speed of 100 km / h, the traits of this relation are the fastest regional trains in Germany.
Already in the timetable year 2001/2002 there were on the relation Cologne Emmerich regional express trains, which were formed from Intercity cars and locomotives of the series 103 and between Cologne and Duisburg 200 km / h reached.
Since 1997, double decker coaches will also be made with a speed of 160 km / hr. One of the first planned with 160 km / h trains running regional train lines was the RE 1 in Berlin- Brandenburg. Initially these regional express lines were marketed in the traffic group Berlin -Brandenburg as RE160. Meanwhile drive many RE- lines with rolling stock that allows a top speed of 160 km / hr. However, vehicles are used depending on the line continues, which have a speed of 140 or 120 km / h.
In central and southern Germany are as Regional Express also railcars of series 611 and 612 with tilting technology used. These reach the arch fast operation on many sections also 160 km / h, especially where conventional vehicles can only be a maximum of 120 km / h. Examples are the sections Leinefelde- Gotha, Erfurt -Weimar and Nuremberg - Marktredwitz.
Long -running regional express trains
In the late 1990s the DB long-distance transport to the purely commercial Interregional (IR ) took out his program, these lines were often of DB Regio at the expense of the country as a regional or InterRegio -Express ( IRE) (for example in Baden- Württemberg) taken, in part, replace it even former Intercity and euro City connections.
Steam locomotive hauled regional express trains
Wrong For more than ten years between Eisenach, Arnstadt Oberhof and each on four weekends during the winter months a scheduled regional express steam upholstery, the " lightning toboggan ." 1998, this train of DB Regio, traffic operation Thuringia, after appointment by the transport Thüringen mbH was first inserted. Since then, the pair of trains is an integral part of each annual timetable and enjoys increasing popularity. The train is formed from the beginning of refurbished coaches of the former Deutsche Reichsbahn and covered with a steam locomotive. While in the early years the locomotive 52 8075 IGE Werrabahn Eisenach pulled the train through the Thuringian Forest, is now mainly the 41 1144 of Eisenach railway enthusiasts used that to all the necessary technical equipment such as TB -0, digital radio for trains etc. features.
Another even international steam Regional Express runs regularly at four autumn weekends from Thuringia Gera in the Bohemian spa triangle to Cheb (Eger, the Czech Republic ) and back. The train set also used the " toboggan flash " is used.
Since 1999, a series of tones were played before the beginning of each, later the main train stations in Berlin, Brandenburg and Mecklenburg- Vorpommern. They are small parts of " Now come the fun day " in Berlin, "Whoever desires to walk in joy " in Brandenburg, and " Dat du min Leevsten büst " in Mecklenburg- Vorpommern.
The Austrian Federal Railways ( ÖBB) used long for faster regional trains the name express train. Since the timetable change in December 2006, all express trains (E) and Sprinter Austria far as Regional Express ( REX) will be performed (SPR ). Since the timetable change in December 2012 additional trains will be performed under the name Regional Express 200, 200 on the achieved speed (in km / h) indicating that the train arrives at the same time the newly opened West railway line.