The regional poles is a term in spatial and urban planning, metropolitan areas are designated by the cities outside of which act as regional development engines. The region where the pole is located is a regio called Regiopolregion.
The concept of regional poles is composed of Regio ( region) and polis (city). With him, especially large cities will be characterized off the cities that constitute centers with their own development potential in more rural regions. The term goes back to the professors Jürgen Aring and Iris Reuther and was first formed in 2006 as a working concept for a new research and policy area. The Regiopolregion Rostock is the effect developed the first model region.
The criteria for a regional poles are located outside of a metropolitan area and a population of the core city or cities association of more than 100,000 inhabitants. Other characteristics are:
- High-level infrastructure systems and good accessibility from other regions
- Node between metropolitan regions
- Great economic importance
- Location of " global players " and " Hidden Champions"
- Concentration of innovation potentials
- University or large college
In a study by the University of Kassel following possible Regio Poland ( sorted from north to south ) include:
- Ulm / Neu- Ulm
Würzburg: Central Station
Karlsruhe: pedestrianized street
The concept of regional poles was developed architecture, urban planning, landscape planning at the University of Kassel in a research project in collaboration with industry and commerce to Rostock, the Regional Planning Association of Central Mecklenburg / Rostock and Rostock in the Department.
Since early 2009, is located in the state parliament of Mecklenburg -Vorpommern prior to an application, which the State Government is asked to work to ensure that the Ministerial Conference on Spatial Planning ( MKRO ) extends the concept of metropolitan areas around the Regiopol regions.
In the urban development concept of Erfurt from 2008 to network with nearby neighboring cities plays a crucial role in the lineup as regional poles. Within a radius of about 40 kilometers, adjacent to the center of the cities of Jena, Weimar, Gotha, Ilmenau, Arnstadt and Sömmerda arise with common population of almost 500,000, four universities and six universities and numerous cultural sites of international importance, the common one of a smaller metropolitan city of similar equipment.