The Reich Chamber of Film ( RFK ) was a corporation under public law, which governed the German film industry during the period of National Socialism. Any person who wanted to be involved in film productions in the German Reich had to be a member of the Reich Film Chamber. A non-membership amounted to a prohibition. The RFK was part of the Gleichschaltung of the Society in the Third Reich and had its headquarters in Berlin. Housed she was there in Berlin W 15 in Meinekestraße 21
Historical precursors of the Reich Film Chamber was the umbrella organization of the film industry ( SPIO ).
Was established the Reich Film Chamber on the basis of the "Law on the Establishment of a preliminary film chamber " of 14 July 1933. Using the " Reich Chamber of Culture Law" of 22 September 1933, she was incorporated as a subdivision of the newly founded Reich Chamber of Culture.
The establishment of the Reich Film Chamber was preceded by a regulation of the Ministry of Propaganda, the Jews and foreigners prohibited the operation in the German film industry.
Apart from the specific to the public and printed in larger carrier film courier appeared for filmmakers as the official organ of the Reich Film Chamber in Max Hesse publishing the journal The German film. Journal of film art and film industry.
In the Nazi film policy, the Reich Film Chamber held a key position. Their tasks were limited to:
- Compulsory registration of all workers in the film industry ( production, distribution, cinema); see Reich film student council
- Regulation of cinematography (eg entrance fees, the program design, advertising, etc.)
- Control the design of contracts, for example, between filmmakers and producers, and between theater owners and distributors
- Supervision of the Film Credit Bank GmbH
- Control of the film 's foreign trade
The Reichsfilmkammer comprised 10 departments:
I. General Administration
II politics and culture
III. Artistic care of filmmaking
IV film industry
V. Student Council film
VI. Section for Film Production
VII Section for domestic film distribution
VIII movie theater
IX. Section for Film and cinema technology
X. Section for cultural, commercial film and play of light points
The President of the Reich Film Chamber, which reports directly to the President of the Reich Chamber of Culture - Joseph Goebbels - were subject were, in order:
- The lawyer Fritz Scheuermann (1933-1935)
- The Württemberg Minister of Economy Lehnich Oswald (1935-1939)
- The director Carl Froelich (1939-1945)
There was also a vice president and a director. In 1940, this Karl Melzer and Heinz Tackmann were. Furthermore, the Reich Film Chamber in the country lines and the professional organizations subdivided. 1940 Country Director film culture of the country Walters Gau were performed in 31 cities. The trade organizations were found in the offices of the Reich Film Chamber in Vienna, Munich, Berlin for the District of East Germany - Berlin, Breslau for the District of East Germany -Breslau, Konigsberg for the District of East Germany Konigsberg, Dusseldorf for the district of Dusseldorf, Frankfurt am Main for the District Frankfurt, Leipzig. Leipzig and Hamburg for the District for the District of Hamburg