South view of the Coming of
Reiden is a municipality in the constituency Willisau the canton of Lucerne in Switzerland.
On January 1, 2006, the old church Reiden ( 3'980 inhabitants, 11:28 km ²) together with the municipalities Langnau at Reiden and Richenthal the new community Reiden.
Geography of the old municipal area
Reiden is a place in the lower Wiggertal and is located east of the Wigger at the cantonal border to the canton of Aargau. The village has grown rapidly in recent decades and now includes the former hamlets and farmhouses lower village, Bifang, underwater, Sonnhalden, Hinternberg and Oberndorf. South of the village rises the partially forested Hochfluh (559 m asl ). To the east of the village lies the Lausberg (632 m asl ). And the link between these two heights is the EHAG ( 682 m asl ), which is almost entirely covered by Sertelwald. The second largest settlement of the municipality is the Reidermoos located 1.4 km north-northeast of the village ( 485-497 m above sea level ) which is ( 500 m asl) is grown together with the lying north of the hamlet Klempen him. To the north of these two districts is the heavily forested mountain Klemp, of a maximum height of 651 m above sea level achieved. Otherwise there are only groups of houses and farmsteads in the municipality.
The southern boundary runs from the Wigger on the EHAG to Uerke further east. This Grenzbach simultaneously forms the eastern boundary of the municipality. In Moosersagi (municipality Wikon ) the municipal boundary leaves the Uerke, turns west and leads over the mountain Klemp, the Fuchshubel (656 m asl ) and the north-west of this lying Birch Mountain ( 629 m) back for Wigger. This forms part of the western border.
The majority of the community area east of Reidermoos consists of various forest areas. The biggest addition to the previously mentioned are the fir forest and beech forest in the east of the church. Therefore it is no surprise also little that 40.1 % of its territory is covered by forest and woodland. The flat area around Reiden and Reidermoos is either used for agriculture ( 47.3%) or settlement area ( 12.1%).
See there for the community parts on the territory of the former municipalities Richenthal and Langnau in Reiden.
The number of inhabitants rose 1798-1850 by about half ( from 1798 to 1850: 53.2 %). Between 1870 and 1888 Reiden was of the rural population affected ( 1870-1888: -12.2 %). Then the population increased - except for the stagnation periods 1910-1920, 1941-1950 and 1970-1980 - without interruption until 2000 Between 1888 and 1960, doubled the number of inhabitants, . over the next forty years, again by about half. Since then, it has stagnated.
The population used as everyday language, a high- Alemannic dialect. At the last census in 2000 gave 84.23 % German, 6.04% and 3.47 % Italian Albanian as the main language.
Religions - faiths
Previously, all the inhabitants were members of the Roman Catholic Church. By leaving the church and immigration from other regions in Switzerland and abroad, this has changed. Today ( as of 2000) provides for the religious composition of the population as follows. There is 65.1 % Roman Catholic, 16.8% Evangelical Protestant and 2.30% Orthodox Christians. In addition, one finds 8.1% Muslims and 10% other religions or non-denominational. The Orthodox Slavs are from the former Yugoslavia. The Muslims comes from there ( mostly Albanians, Bosniaks next ).
Reiden is on the railway line Luzern- Olten and has its own train station. Significance of the church as a junction of two SDR bus routes. These are: Zofingen Wikon - Reiden - Pfaffnau - Roggliswil -St. Urban and Zofingen Wikon - Reiden - Richenthal.
Reiden is on the road Lucerne Sursee - Olten- Zofingen Basel, the so-called Basler Strasse. The community has its own motorway junction 2 km from the village center.
What remains from the Roman period indicate that community was probably settled at that time. The place first appears indirectly, as a Walther Reiden in a deed of gift of Ulrich von Eschenbach from the year 1168 is mentioned. The place gets early under the dominion of the Habsburgs and heard from then on to their county Willisau. In 1407 the city of Lucerne buys this county until 1798 and remains Reiden a part of this Lucerne bailiwick Willisau. Until 1803 it belongs to the district Altishofen - then to the newly created Office Willisau. On 1 January 2006 the municipalities Langnau at Reiden, Richenthal and Reiden were merged to form a community. The population is approx 6000.
- St. John's Coming St. John's Coming Reiden