Reiki [re ː ki ] (Japaneseレイキ/霊 気, dt about " spiritual / intellectual Qi ") is an invented word, by Mikao Usui from the Japanese words rei ( spirit, soul ) and ki ( life energy ) was formed and usually is translated into western publications as " universal or universal life energy". Reiki is considered a " power " postulates that what lives in all, should be present. the " Ki " in the word "Reiki " corresponds conceptually about the Chinese Chi and the Hindu Prana. In common parlance, the term Reiki these " energy ", the Reiki treatment and Reiki training.
The postulated concept is scientifically considered implausible. With regard to the cure of diseases by reiki no health- influencing effect could be demonstrated despite numerous studies with different results: In clinical trials, with whom efficacy should be demonstrated either no positive effect or key methodological weaknesses were found showed.
Reiki is an esoteric concept, after the laying on of hands and by a special symbol work should be influenced on the health of such individual treated. Reiki is one of many forms of so-called " energy work" and the techniques of laying on of hands.
There are different systems by which Reiki is taught in Japan, the country of origin, there is due to the local cultural and religious background a fundamentally different vision and approach than in the West. The main difference is that the achievement of physical and mental health is merely intended to form an intermediate goal and the goal of enlightenment ( satori ) represents. But even in the West there are different Reiki systems. The differences are mainly in the number of " attunements " during training.
Reiki was founded by the Japanese Mikao Usui. Usui's original teachings called Usui Reiki Ryoho (臼 井 灵气 疗法). The exact date of origin is unknown. It is clear that Mikao Usui in 1921 opened a Reiki clinic in Tokoyo.
The mode of origin is not exactly known. According to the inscription on the grave of Mikao Usui, he was after a 21- day fast on Mount Kurama, a mountain north of Kyoto, by a vision of the knowledge of Reiki given. Since Reiki is passed on from teacher to student. Mikao Usui made , inter alia, Chujiro Hayashi as a Reiki Master or Reiki teacher. Chujiro Hayashi et al the Hawaii -American Hawayo Takata trained as a Reiki Master and Reiki teacher, in turn, among other things, the American Mary McFadyen.
Hawayo Takata was the first Reiki master outside of Japan. She has trained a total of 22 additional Reiki Master and teacher, most are not from Japan. Therefore Almost all practitioners outside of Japan are from the opening line Usui - Hayashi - Takata. 1981 Reiki was brought by the people living in the United States Mary McFadyen on Germany to Europe.
The Japanese Reiki is today in Japan as opposed to the Western variant " (Japanese ) Traditional Reiki " ( (日本)伝 统 灵气/ (日本)伝統 式 レイキ, (Nihon ) Dento - shiki reiki ) called. The widespread in western variant (西洋 式 レイキ, seiyō - shiki reiki ) referred to as " Western Style Reiki ".
The other Reiki systems rely on different lines inauguration.
Training and dedication
The training takes place in successive evolutionary steps. These stages are called degrees. Each level of training begins with an initiation. Under inauguration means a ritual with which a teacher enables the pupils to give Reiki or to use the Reiki symbols.
Practitioners see themselves as a channel for the energy and assume that is opened by the opening of the channel in them, or is tuned at higher levels of the Reiki symbols. Without this dedication of the channel was not opened even unfold the symbols without initiation not its effect.
Traditionally, there are schools to teacher training three to four degrees:
- First grade: Opening of the Reiki channel
- Second degree: introduction of three Reiki symbols
- Third degree ( Master degree ): Inauguration of the " master symbol "
- Fourth Grade (Teacher Degree ): capable of initiating other people.
Originally the masters degree and the teacher degree was acquired together. Many Reiki teachers handle the still that way. For each Reiki level one to four attunements are given.
The essences of life principles from Mikao Usui will be as the five concepts, which identified five principles or the five precepts and taught during Reiki training. The text is taken from the records left behind by Mikao Usui. The italics are part of the rules of life as taught mutatis mutandis to the west.
招福 の 秘法 萬 病 の 靈薬 今日 丈け は 怒る な 心配 す な 感謝 し て 業 を はけめ 人 に 親切 に 朝夕 合掌 し て 心 に 念じ 口 に 唱 へ よ 心身 改善 臼 井 灵 気 疗法 肇祖 臼 井 瓮 男
Shofuku no Hiho Mambyō no reiyaku Kyo dake wa Ikaruna Shimpai suna Kansha shite Gyō o Hakeme Hito ni ni shinsetsu Asayu Gassho shite kokoro ni Nenji Kuchi ni yo tonae kaizen Shinshin Usui Reiki Ryoho CHOSO Usui Mikao
The secret art of inviting happiness. The marvelous medicine for all diseases. At least for today, Parcheesi, do not worry you, be thankful working diligently, be kind to all. Every morning and evening fold my hands and pray from the heart and (Buddha) call him loudly. In order to improve the mind and body. Usui Reiki Ryoho The Founder Usui Mikao
Reiki practitioners believe that they, in contrast to other forms of energy work, do not work with their own energy. After the inauguration of a teacher they see themselves as a channel for the Reiki energy. Since they do not work with their own energy, they can also treat themselves. Animals and plants can be treated according to their view.
Users still believe that Reiki as a life energy can never hurt. The aim of the application is the physical, mental, spiritual and social health, strengthen the self-healing and overcoming diseases.
However, Reiki does not replace a doctor, medicines or prescribed therapies, but it can be applied in addition to any medical or alternative medical treatment.
Practitioners believe that Reiki there flows in the treatment where it is needed and therefore a diagnosis for treatment is not required. A diagnosis is also not affected by the treatment.
The Reiki treatment is usually done by laying on of hands. However, some handlers also prefer to keep the hands a few inches above the body of the treated patients. Mikao Usui has left detailed records of the Reiki treatment. After the Reiki treatment can also be due to massaging, tapping, stroking, inter alia, the diseased part of the body take place.
Chujiro Hayashi has developed 12 hand positions for a full treatment, supplemented according to the needs of the patients treated. This treatment regimen is common even today. The practitioner may change but his experience and intuition accordingly. There are also agreements with a short treatment, which can also be performed while seated.
There is a fixed fee schedule either for treatment or for training.
The cost of the treatment are in favorable cases where a massage, go occasionally but also far beyond. They are not covered by health insurance because of unproven efficacy.
The cost of training, which usually takes place in weekend seminars can be very different. The hierarchical training and inauguration order thus corresponds to the characteristics of multilevel marketing, so a snowball system.
Efficacy of Reiki with respect to the cure of diseases, there are numerous studies with varying results. Evidence of efficacy was not found there. In clinical trials, with whom efficacy should be demonstrated either no positive effect or key methodological weaknesses were found showed.
Assefi et al. 2010 showed in a randomized, placebo-controlled study with 100 patients suffering from fibromyalgia participants that it makes no difference whether the patients were treated by a Reiki therapist or by an actor posing as a therapist.