At the age of 12 he received his first violin lessons. He studied after high school, first at the Musikhochschule in Cologne with Franz Josef Maier, who had early on made as head of the Collegium Aureum, with the historical performance practice familiar. Later Goebel studied with Saschko Gawriloff at the Folkwang School in Essen, followed by courses on the baroque violin with Marie Leonhardt and Eduard Melkus. At the University of Cologne Reinhard Goebel then studied musicology. Here, the foundation stone was laid for his extensive repertoire of skills.
In 1973, Goebel his ensemble Musica Antiqua Köln, which was devoted to Baroque music. For many years, his " Cologne School " for aspiring Baroque violinist a term. In 1990, he had to interrupt his career due to a paralysis of the left hand. He then decided to relearn his instrument on the other side of the body. In recent years he has devoted himself more to conducting foreign orchestra, even with modern instruments, to make them familiar with the sound world of the 18th century.
1997 presented him with Prime Minister John Rau for his services to the State Prize of North Rhine- Westphalia. He was awarded the Georg Philipp Telemann Prize of the city of Magdeburg, 2002.
The general public is known of his ensemble Musica Antiqua Köln. Since its creation in 1973 Goebel has been immortalized with several generations of members numerous works of the 17th and 18th century as sound recordings. Very early on, he received an exclusive contract with Deutsche Grammophon Archiv Produktion. Here he played a highly acclaimed interpretations of the entire orchestra music and chamber music with violin by Johann Sebastian Bach and the Rosary Sonatas by Heinrich Ignaz Franz Biber, as well as numerous works by Georg Philipp Telemann, Johann David Heinichen, Johann Rose Müller, Johann Pachelbel, Francesco Maria Veracini, and many other. This includes many premiere recordings of forgotten composers.
Goebel collaborates with renowned soloists, choirs and orchestras and advises musicians in the performance practice of early music. Since the disease-related end of his Geiger career in the spring of 2006, he worked successfully with numerous orchestras as guest conductor, so the Duisburg Philharmonic Orchestra, the Bavarian Chamber Philharmonic, the Beethoven Orchestra Bonn, the Gewandhaus Orchestra of Leipzig, the Orchestra of the National Theatre Mannheim, Dresden Philharmonic, the German Symphony Orchestra Berlin, the Orchestra of the Komische Oper Berlin, the Tonhalle Orchestra Zurich, the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra in London, the Orchestra of the Royal Opera in Copenhagen and other ensembles.
- Johann Sebastian Bach: Brandenburg Concertos, 1985/1986 ( DGG )
- Georg Philipp Telemann: Concertos for Wind Instruments 1986 ( DGG )
- Johann Sebastian Bach: Violin Sonatas BWV 1014-24, 10/ 1989 ( DGG )
- Georg Philipp Telemann: Water Music "Hamburger Ebb & flood " ( 1990) ( DGG )
- Heinrich Ignaz Franz Biber: Rosary Sonatas, 1991 ( DGG )
- Johann David Heinichen: Dresden Concerti, 1992 ( DGG )
- Francesco Maria Veracini: 5 Ouverture's 1994 ( DGG )
- John Dowland: Seven Teares or Lachrimae, 2001 ( Vanguard Classics )
- Marc- Antoine Charpentier: Musique sacrée, 11/ 2003 ( DGG )
- Heinrich Ignaz Franz Biber: Harmonia artificiosa, 04/ 2004 ( DGG )
- Georg Philipp Telemann: " Flute Quartets ", 04/ 2005 ( DGG ) with Maurice Steger
- Bachiana: " cantatas " the Bach family with Kožená, 2005 ( DGG )
- Johann Friedrich Meister: Some sonatas from the collection "Il giardino del piacere ", 2004 WDR/2010 ( Label Berlin)