Renault 12

Renault 12 (1969-1975)

The Renault 12 - abbreviated to R12 - was a front wheel drive car model of the middle class. More than 4.2 million vehicles of this type were manufactured in France by the autumn of 1969 until early 1980.

  • 4.1 Dacia
  • 4.2 Toros
  • 4.3 Ford Corcel

Vehicle development

In 1964 began the development of a car that should also be durable enough for the rough roads of the North African markets. The requirements of the new car were an extreme robustness and high resistance. The first prototype possessed three asymmetrically arranged headlight and a spare tire in the luggage compartment lid.

In the late stage, it became clear that this model is also very good the existing gap between the Renault 6 and Renault could close 16 because the built since 1962 and 1965 rear-engine models Renault 8 and Renault, looked forward to 10 their imminent end of production and the general design trend away from rear engine went.

In October 1969, the Renault 12 came as a sedan on the market. The basic version had front disc brakes and rear drum brakes, but not on the brake booster. In contrast to the models of R4 and R16, the R12 had a rigid rear axle, which has been drawn out of the longitudinal control arms and a central wishbone.

From the beginning of 1971 was " unobtrusive model boy " (as the R12 from the magazine auto motor und sport has been called at the time) as a sporting variant " Gordini " available. In France, replacing the " Coupe R12G " the previous, very popular " Coupe R8G " for the beginner in motorsport.

In the fall of 1971 followed by the introduction of the combination, in Germany under the name " variable" and in France as the "break ". For the domestic market, there were also public authorities and transport models that were shipped depending on the design part, without side windows from the B-pillar, without rear doors or without rear seat. These models were - as in the Renault nomenclature usual - named " Société ".

The R12 also formed the technical basis for the two derived from it Coupé versions of Renault 15 and Renault 17 Both models were manufactured between July 1971 and August 1979.

Renault 12 variables ( 1971-1975 )

Renault 12 Gordini ( 1971-1974 )


In August 1975, a revised version of the Renault 12 was introduced, with redesigned bumpers, headlights and taillights, and a new dashboard (not for R12 L). The products manufactured in Spain by FASA ( Fabricación de car Móviles SA) until the takeover by Renault France Royalty versions of R12TS and some models for other export markets were equipped with twin headlamps.

In the spring of 1979, the sales of the R12 to Germany ended in favor of the already introduced in the previous year follow-up model Renault 18 Production was stopped in France in January 1980.

Rear view

Renault 12 variables ( 1975-1980 )

Renault 12 TS

Engines and performance

The R12 in Australia

In Australia, the Renault 12 in 1970 came on the market and was produced at Renault Australia.

1978 one changed the name in Renault Virage, and under which the body was slightly revised. The production site was Melbourne (district of Heidelberg).

Production ended as in France at the beginning of the year 1980.



The Renault 12 was 1310/1410 (combined ) produced more or less unchanged until 2004 in Romania, Dacia Pitesti, as Dacia 1300/1400 ( sedan ), and Dacia. After 35 years of production in late 2004 ran the last copies, a sedan and a station wagon 1300 1310 of the production lines in Pitesti, which are in the Romanian automotive museum. A total of 1.95973 million copies were made ​​. Successor is the Dacia Logan. A special feature of the Dacia 1300: exactly like the Ford Corcel was also manufactured the Dacia even before the official premiere of the R12.

Dacia produced from 1975 to the end of 2006 pickup variations, which did not exist from the Renault R12 (see Dacia Pick-Up).


In Turkey, the Renault 12 was manufactured under license and where he subsequently produced by Oyak -Renault 1971-1989 as a Renault 12 and Renault 12 Toros to 2000.

Ford Corcel

Ford Brazil took over in 1968, the company Willys -Overland, who had previously worked with Renault and builds the Dauphine and Gordini in license on the spot. Ford took with it the project of a modified version of the ligands at the same time located in developing R12. Ford continued to develop the car and then drove him under the name Ford Corcel.