The Renault 5 - R5 short - was produced between early 1972 and late 1996 small car of the French car manufacturer Renault. The concept originally came from Bernard Hanon, a professor of management at the University of New York, and carried the designation Project 122
- 2.1 Turbo GT and GTE
- 2.2 Special models
- 2.3 Convertible
R5 ( 1972-1984 )
Renault 5 three-door ( 1972 to 1984 )
Originally intended as a complement to Renault 4 and as more modern and cheaper to producing alternative to Renault 6, the R5 developed after its launch in March 1972 to a sales success. This was mainly due to the low cost and compact dimensions. The car had a unitized body without the platform frame of R4 and R6. The independent suspension with torsion bars was similar to those of the R4, but simple and composed of fewer parts.
The R5 beginning, there were only three-door hatchback. The five-door variant followed in the summer of 1979.
There were several engine options from 782 cc to 1397 cc, last also with turbocharging in the R5 Alpine Turbo ( 122B ) with 79 kW ( 107 hp ), where already at 2500 rpm, the maximum torque of 149 Nm was available. The four-cylinder with 782 cc came from the Renault 4 and made 25 kW ( 34 hp ), but was only used in France. In Germany the engine with 845 cc displacement and an output of 26 kW was introduced (36 hp). The engine sat longitudinally behind the front axle, the gearbox before. Early R5 had the R4 as a turret indexing, and later there was one that initially a bit clunky, floor shift.
1975 Renault built a sportier engine with 68 kW (93 bhp) under the name "Alpine ", which reached a top speed of 173 km / h. Six years later, this engine got a power increase by a turbocharger. The performance of the Renault 5 Alpine Turbo rose to 79 kW (108 hp) with a top speed of 191 km / h The Renault 5 Turbo was made in 1980 and 118 kW (160 hp). The last version in 1985, the Renault 5 Turbo made 300 kW ( 408 hp ) and was designed for track use.
As of version GTL there was an electric rear-window wiper and washer and rear vent windows, from the TS version, an electric washer, tachometer and sports seats with integrated head restraints. The Renault 5 Alpine had was a standard 5 -speed manual transmission, and the acceleration from 0 to 100 km / h was 10.4 seconds.
Based on the Renault 5 was 1980, the compact sports car Renault 5 Turbo. As low emission vehicles were tax deductible in Germany, the catalyst version of the R5 is the only small car would have been that would have fallen under this scheme if they would have been considered not only from 1.4 liters of displacement. This was later corrected by a court judgment after Holder had complained of R5 with catalysts.
Renault 5 five-door hatchback ( 1979-1984 )
Renault 5 Alpine Turbo ( 1980-1984 )
Renault 5 Turbo ( 1980-1982 )
Renault 5 Turbo 2 ( 1983-1986)
In Britain, the Sport models R5 and R5 Alpine Alpine Turbo was marketed as a R5 Gordini Gordini and R5 Turbo. The car was exported with additional chrome components and exhaust catalyst as Renault Le Car in the United States.
A notchback variant was built by the end of 1974 until early 1983 for the Spanish market at FASA -Renault in Valladolid (Spain) and sold under the name Renault 7. They did not want to compromise by a vehicle in this class rather than respected conservative sedan to the built in other markets of the Image R5.
Renault LeCar ( U.S. version of the R5)
R5 ( " Supercinq ", 1984-1996 )
Renault 5 (1984-1987)
The sequel to the first Renault 5 was introduced in September 1984, in the sale which concluded in January 1985. The " Supercinq " has been completely redesigned, but adjusted to the original model in the form. In 1986, the first time a lambda closed-loop three -way catalytic converter is used, also the diesel versions have been introduced.
Renault applied to vehicles with typical contemporary Vector images as the first of the Group, which have been produced with " the latest CAD / CAM methods " and also considered ergonomic concerns in the vehicle operation. The engine was now mounted transversely.
The body was self-supporting, the front consisted of a subframe with control arms. In repair lists of R5 of the second series is also featured as " Super 5 ".
Based on the R5 also a MPV was manufactured as replacement of the previous models based on the R4, as Renault Rapid ( Germany ), Renault Express (for example, in France, Austria, Spain, Switzerland, Italy) and Renault Extra ( UK Ireland) was expelled.
In the summer of 1987 a small revision on R5 was made. The Rhombus wandered now on the left side of the radiator grille also modified.
The second series of the Renault 5 was produced until December 1990 Flins -sur -Seine, Billancourt and Dieppe in France ( there also known as Supercinq, German Super 5 ), in Vilvoorde (Belgium) and in Setubal (Portugal). In addition to July 1994, when FASA -Renault in Valladolid (Spain, also known there as Supercinco ) and until December 1996 by Revoz in Novo mesto (Yugoslavia, from 1991, Slovenia).
By mid- 1994, the R5 remained on offer, most recently with a diesel engine or as a special model campus.
Renault 5 as a five-door
GT Turbo and GTE
From April 1985 sporting offshoot have also been prepared by the Super 5 again, first came the GT Turbo on the market.
This had a 1.4 -liter turbo engine with initially 85 kW ( 115 hp) and a torque of 164 Nm at 3000 1/min. As of 1987, the output increased to 88 kW ( 120 hp ) and torque to 165 Nm at 3750 1/min. The R5 GT Turbo has long been the fastest ever built series small car with a speed of 193 or 198 km / h The interaction of 55 -kW base engine from the R5 GTL, backed with a Garrett T3 turbocharger and a weight of 822 kg allowed a sprint from 0 to 100 in 7.9 seconds. While the GT Turbo was equipped in his first series with spacers in the anthracite - use plastic and alloy wheels without center hole, after the appearance of GTE, the spacers and the modified radiator grille in body color were painted, changed the design of the alloy wheels and a discreet rear spoiler attached.
By default, the cars with Michelin tires, type MXV were fitted in the dimension 195/55-13. The introduction of the catalyst prompted Renault to set the GT Turbo and instead to produce the GTE in itself optics.
Launched in the fall of 1986 R5 GTE had installed a 1.7 - liter naturally aspirated engine (F- engine ) and brought it to 69 kW ( 94 hp ) with G- Kat or 71 kW ( 97 PS) without cat from the sportiness GTE was far removed from the GT Turbo, since the force was missing and the vehicle weight was slightly higher. For the temperature problems due to the hot turbocharger and the resulting power fluctuations, and the high fuel consumption with speedy ride while Einpritzermodell GTE were no longer an issue.
The R5 GT Turbo can certainly be described as exotic, which was originally intended only for motor sport. The practicality was limited. Well-preserved models today are extremely rare and only to a relatively high price to get ( 3,000-6,000 euros ) and are considered by connoisseurs as a lover vehicles, while the GTE was never able to achieve the popularity of the GT Turbo.
Renault 5 GT Turbo (1987-1991)
While the GT Turbo primarily delivered in white, red, metallic blue and black (white and black, each with a red carpet ) when GTE the dark blue version (Le Mans blue metallic ) was very popular.
The production of both Sport models was completed with the publication of the Clio 16V in the spring of 1991.
Especially towards the end of the construction period through the R5 was offered in a variety of special models with colorful cloth seats and additional equipment. Examples are the special models flash, Primus, Prima, Tiga and the campus.
When offered from early 1988 R5 campus, there is a basic version without any extras with the 43- kW -C engine - this model was offered after the performance of the R5- successor Clio until mid- 1992.
It is interesting that the entry-level models a totally different dashboard of gray hard plastic contributed to the instrument cluster of the Ur -R5, which was made of one piece. Better models (from GTL) had the usual instrument cluster, as it was also used among others in the Espace and which had a pointer instrument for the oil level. The dashboards were completely different shaped and padded also. They had built-in switch panel and were often dyed to match the color of the upholstery.
The special model R5 Exclusiv ( in France Baccara ) came up with a much better sound insulation, high-pile velor carpets, a special rear shelf with large storage compartment of leather, aluminum wheels ( tires: 165/65R13 ), a hydraulic power steering, the steering wheel and the shift knob from the GTE model, a beige full leather interior, power windows, infrared -controlled central locking ( " Plip " ) 1721 cc carburetor engine with 64 kW ( 87 PS), an unregulated catalyst and 180 km / h top speed. The acceleration from 0 to 100 km / h was given at 9.8 seconds. This model has been delayed due to ventilated disc brakes of the Turbo. The consumption was reported to work from 5.3 to 10.7 liters Super Unleaded per 100 kilometers.
Generally suffered the engines of this special model of warped carburetors because it sat on the hot manifold between the engine and the rear bulkhead and was exposed to so severe thermal stresses. Renault tried to control the problem using complex Vergaserfußdichtungen, but only to schedule the carburetor brought a permanent solution. The Renault 5 was built exclusively around 4,000 times and only available in the colors metallic black, champagne and metallic brown. The recommended retail price was 1987 21.900 DM
Between late 1986 and early 1991, a convertible version was produced in a quantity of a total of 1,400 vehicles by the Belgian company EBS, of which 14 pieces as GT Turbo.
With the Renault 5, a national and international Cup was held. The participating vehicles were the R5 Alpine ( R1223 ) with 68 kW (93 hp) and later the Renault 5 Turbo with 118 kW (160 hp).
The first model of R5 will be built still and almost unchanged in Iran. Starting in 1977, the Renault 5 was offered as a licensed construction company SAIPA. In addition, the five-door R5 Carmaker Pars Khodro is sold as Sepand and as Renault PK with a 1.3 -liter gasoline engine and an automatic climate control. By the way still has to be noted that Iran imported French original parts. Meanwhile, the PK is there has become a very popular car.