Respect is a song by Otis Redding from the year 1965. In the version by Aretha Franklin in 1967 the title was a million-seller of soul music.
Original by Otis Redding
His third album Otis Blue was produced by Tom Dowd as a sound engineer in productive sessions in just three days at Stax Records in Memphis (Tennessee). At that time there was already a blues based mono version of Respect, because on July 9, 1965, the title was again taken up in stereo. The song is about the respect and recognition, the singer expects from his wife when he comes home from work to go home. Redding's version consisted only of verses and chorus, but not from a song bridge. Unusually also the fast pace of the otherwise specialized on Soul Ballads Otis Redding composer.
This was during the recording accompanied by Wayne Jackson and Gene " Bowlegs " Miller ( trumpet), Andrew Love (tenor saxophone), Floyd Newman ( bass), Isaac Hayes ( piano ), Booker T. Jones (organ ), Steve Cropper ( Giarre ), Donald " Duck" Dunn (electric bass), Al Jackson ( drums) and Earl Sims ( backing vocals ). Those session band was composed of the core of the instrumental group Booker T. & the MG's and the Memphis Horns, who acted in this constellation separately as accompaniment for Stax recordings or together. The plate Respect / Ole Man Trouble (Volt # 128 ) reached after its release on August 15, 1965 Rank four of the Rhythm & Blues charts and 35 of Pophitparade. The album Otis Blue (recorded on April 19 and between 9 and 10 July 1965) was published on September 15, 1965 and came to number 75 of the U.S. album charts.
Cover of Aretha Franklin
Producer Jerry Wexler saw in the song even more crossover potential and produced it with Aretha Franklin, which started its version on February 14, 1967 in New York City. There was a gospel -oriented version with co- producer Arif Mardin. Franklin were accompanied by the Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section, a session band from the Fame Recording Studios: Melvin Lastie (trumpet ), Charlie Chalmers (tenor saxophone), King Curtis ( tenor and alto saxophone), Floyd Newman ( bass) Dewey " Spooner " Oldham (organ, piano and electric piano ), Jimmy Johnson ( guitar), Tommy Cogbill (electric bass), Roger Hawkins (drums ) and the accompanying chorus of the Sweet Inspirations ( with Franklin's sisters Carolyn and Erma ). bassist Floyd Newman was the only musician who had participated in two sessions. In their version of King Curtis plays the part from When Something is Wrong With My Baby by Sam & Dave, the song acts as a bridge.
Franklin sings a changed and tailored to their female role text. At that time was in the U.S. a woman not entitled to social assistance if they lived with a man. That is what their version to a woman who still refers welfare and leaves it to her ( unofficial ) husband when he comes home. Then, whatever awaits them a little respect. Franklin's version is kept in C major, they spelled the title to increase the voltage. Your cover version surpasses the success of the original by far.
First, only part of Franklin's debut album I Never Loved a Man the Way I Love You, also received Respect addition to the title song lively airplay, so that Atlantic Records decided to bring Respect as a single on the market. After release of the single Respect / Dr. Feelgood (Atlantic # 2403 ) on April 16, 1967, she reached the first rank of both the R & B ( for eight weeks ) and the Pophitparade ( two weeks) and brought it to the million-seller with well over one million copies sold.
Even many Americans puzzled over the occurring only in Franklin's version Abbreviation:
The last line is sometimes misinterpreted as " Take Out, TCP", and, most central publications that contain the text that take the wrong one. " RESPECT " and " TCB " dive in Redding's original song was not on, but have been adopted in some of his later live performances with the Bar -Kays.
" TCB " is a common abbreviation used until the 1970's, the ( in German about to take care of a matter) means Taking Care ( of) Business and has been used widely, especially in the African-American culture. Still, it was a little less known outside of this culture, which is a possible explanation why it was not recognized by some transcribers of Franklin's music. Even Elvis Presley's so-called Memphis Mafia devoted himself to the motto of " TCB "; she did everything and when he wanted to. One of his private jets included this inscription, and his last companion volume called TCB band.
Only the version of Aretha Franklin allowed the title a greater level of awareness. He was therefore taken up by the feminist movement and made Franklin International Soul Star. Respect is one of the songs, which are referred to as trendsetting and representative of the 1960s. He came in many films and is one of the evergreens. Although she had numerous successes by Respect, the title to Franklin's trademarks and the best-known recording was. I Never Loved a Man the Way I Love You was chosen to rank 83 in the list of 500 greatest albums of all time of Rolling Stone magazine in 2002. Two years later came Respect to rank 5 the list of the 500 best songs of all time. The song is part of the list The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame 's 500 Songs did Shaped Rock and Roll.
Statistics and awards
According to the BMI total of 17 versions of the title is registered, the song won a BMI Award. Cover info lists even 38 versions. Lesser-known versions derived from regional groups such as the Michigan garage rock band The Rationals, whose 1966 version at radio stations in Detroit was played and the release of Aretha Franklin's version forestalled one year. The The Vagrants, a New York Blue - eyed soul group from Long Iceland, participated in 1967 on a version of Respect, which came to a smaller success in the Eastern States. The Rotary Connection also took up the song she recorded for Chess Records in 1969. The Dexys Midnight Runners added the song over and over again in their live performances with one and have at least two live versions thereof recorded (eg BBC In Concert 30 May 1981). A House version was recorded in 1989 by the singer Adeva and made it to number 17 in the UK Top 40 The song was copied by the Basque fusion rock band Negu Gorriak and " Errespetua " ( Respect in Basque ) in the 1996 cover album Salam, agur inserted. After the dissolution of the band drove singer Fermin Muguruza continued to play his version of the song in some of his solo projects, and appeared as a final song of his live album Contra Banda - to Barcelona, Apolo 2004 - I-21. Joy Fleming in September 1975 under the title Money released a German version (Text: Michael Kunze ), but missed the German singles chart. Aretha Franklin was asked to sing her signature song at the birthday party of U.S. President Bill Clinton on August 19, 1996.
Aretha Franklin was awarded in 1968 for Respect two Grammy Awards for "Best Rhythm & Blues Recording" and "Best Rhythm & Blues Solo appearance of a woman." He was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in 1998. In 2002, the Library of Congress honored Franklin's version by adding it to the National Recording Registry. He is placed on rank 5 of the list of Rolling Stone magazine 's 500 best songs of all time. He is also part of the Songs of the Century list the recording industry of America and the NEA.
- The Very Best of Otis Redding. Rhino / Atlantic Recording Corporation, 1992. Los Angeles, CA.
- I Never Loved a Man the Way I Love You. Atlantic Recording Corporation, 1967. New York, NY.