Revival house

A cinema, also cinema theater or arthouse or Art House (also Arthaus ), is a small cinema showing artistically ambitious auteur films. The facilities created in the late 1920s on the east coast of the United States, especially in large cities. This Art House Cinemas were widespread in the United States in the 1950s and 1960s; Around 1960 there were about 500 such facilities. Origin of Arthouses were mostly film clubs. Today, the term Arthouse has prevailed as a term for artistic, not commercial films themselves.

The program of Arthouses was characterized by independent and European films and avant-garde films and revivals within retrospectives for a primarily academic audience, which symbolically demarcated its taste culture against the mainstream film. In the 1970s and 1980s, the cinema established as venues for the independent and underground film, withhold from then on in Europe in response to the attempts of traditional cinema industry, smaller cinemas the current cinema program. The resulting cinemas are - compared to other cinemas - from the rental strategy and the requirements of the independent film distributors.

In Germany, the proportion of cinemas at the cinema market is now less than ten percent; in other European countries such as France and Switzerland up to 30 percent. In the past, many cinemas in Germany since 1953 were in the Guild of German Art House Cinemas and movies organized since 1972 in the AG. In 2003, both organizations united to form the joint venture cinema - Guild of German Art House Cinemas.

In contrast to the non-commercial local cinemas, which are often subsidized by the public sector, cinemas are privately organized. The program design must therefore be economical and can not be guided solely by cinematic criteria.