The Rhein- Neckar-Kreis is the most populous county in Baden -Württemberg and the fifth largest by population in Germany. He is in the northwest of the country in the district of Karlsruhe and is part of the Rhine- Neckar.

To the north it forms the border with Hesse with the local counties mountain road and Odenwald district, in the east it borders on the Baden-Württemberg Neckar- Odenwald-Kreis, in the southeast of the district of Heilbronn, on the south by the district of Karlsruhe; the west of the Rhine forms the border with the state of Rhineland- Palatinate to the independent city of Speyer and the Rhein- Pfalz-Kreis. In the north- west of the city district of Mannheim borders. In the district area extends a narrow strip, which is part of the State of Hesse. This is the mountain road to the circle associated communities Neckarsteinach and Hirschhorn ( Neckar), and the unincorporated area Michelbuch.

Seat of the county is Heidelberg, the city itself is circular and thus indeed in the midst of the district is located, but does not belong to him.

  • 3.1 Kreistag
  • 3.2 District
  • 3.3 Coat of Arms
  • 3.4 District Partnerships
  • 4.1 traffic
  • 4.2 District facilities


The Rhein- Neckar district participates in the Upper Rhine Valley, on the western Kraichgau and on the southern Odenwald. The landscape on the western edge of the Odenwald of Wiesloch northward over Heidelberg and Weinheim to Darmstadt is called mountain road, one of the warmest regions in Germany. The northwestern half of the circle represents the historical territory of the Palatinate dar. the east lies the tourist area well region. The special feature of the Rhine -Neckar-Kreis: The county is adjacent to Rhineland -Palatinate (Brühl (Baden) - Altlußheim / Altrip - Speyer ), but has an exclave located only 2 km from Bavaria ( the Baden Schöllenbach / Kirchzell -Breitenbach ) is. Thus, there is an economic link in Bavaria over Baden -Württemberg with Rhineland- Palatinate.


The Rhein- Neckar district was created by the district reform in Baden- Württemberg on 1 January 1973. Altkreise At that time the Heidelberg and Mannheim, with the northern half of the former district of Sinsheim and the community of the former district of Mosbach Lindachstraße the Rhein- Neckar-Kreis were pooled. Then took place on January 1, 1975, the spin-off of Ziegelhausen in the urban district of Heidelberg, and thus the district got its present appearance. Historically played the Rhein- Neckar district before the district reform in the 1848/49 revolution an important role. From here a decisive impetus to the struggle for freedom and democracy went out.

The Altkreise Heidelberg, Mannheim and Sinsheim go back to the former Baden district offices that have been changed in the course of the story several times and were 1936/1939 transferred to counties. At the same time came in 1939, the urban districts of Heidelberg and Mannheim. Since then, both cities are no longer to the respective county areas, but remained until 1972 the seat of the respective district administration. After the district reform Heidelberg was the seat of the new Rhein -Neckar -Kreis. After completion of the municipal reform This includes still 54 municipalities, including 17 cities and of these, in turn, 6 " large district towns " ( Hockenheim, glues, Schwetzingen, Sinsheim, Weinheim and Wiesloch ). Largest city is Weinheim, smallest municipality is Heddesbach. With a total of 54 cities and municipalities of the Rhein- Neckar-Kreis located just behind the Alb- Donau-Kreis, who has 55 cities and towns. In Weinheim, Ladenburg, Neckargemuend, Sinsheim and Wiesloch are, in addition to numerous offices in Heidelberg, branch offices of the District Office.

Population Development

The population figures are census results (¹) or official updates by the State Statistical Office of Baden- Württemberg. Only primary residences were considered.


The district is administered by the county council and the district administration. The district council is elected directly by the voters in the district for five years. This body elects the District for a term of eight years. This is the legal representative and the representative of the district as well as Chairman of the County Council and its committees. He directs the district office and is an official of the circle. He has primary responsibility include the preparation of meetings of the County Council and its committees. He shall convene meetings, directs them and implements the decisions taken there. In the bodies he has no voting rights. His deputy is the first state officials.


The council was due to the Einwohnstärke the circle long the largest parliament in Baden- Württemberg and even had more members than the state legislature. At the beginning of the 1990s the County Code was amended and reduces the body. Since 2004 103 district councils are in the council, three more than in the preceding period. In the election of the District Council on 7 June 2009, there were the following result: ( turnout: 53.6 %)

  • Left: 3
  • SPD: 24
  • Green: 12
  • FDP: 9
  • FW: 17
  • CDU: 38


The district administrators of the Rhein- Neckar district since 1973:

Coat of arms

Description: Split: front in a silver blue, used with a wavy black thread wave beams; the back of a red gold -winning, red and red bezungter reinforced black lion

(Coat of Arms Awards November 5, 1975 )

Meaning: The coat of arms bears the geographical location and the historical relations of domination of the circular area and the formerly independent communities of invoice. The split shaft bar symbolizes the Rhine and the Neckar river, which gave its name to the circuit. The Palatine Lion symbolizes the former affiliation of the majority of today's circuit area for Electorate Palatinate with his capital city of Heidelberg and later in 1720 in Mannheim. The colors of the lions were compared with the original coat of arms thereby reversed to become the heraldic color control needs.

See also: List of coats of arms in the Rhein- Neckar-Kreis

District partnerships

The Rhein- Neckar-Kreis maintains a partnership with the Hungarian county of Somogy.

Economy and infrastructure

The industrial structure is diverse with numerous companies in the metalworking and chemical industries (eg Freudenberg in Weinheim), including many small and medium enterprises. The service sector is indeed concentrated in the not to the Rhein- Neckar district belonging to big cities, but there are also in the district major companies such as the software company SAP in Walldorf and St. Leon-Rot, or the financial service provider MLP and Heidelberger presses in Wiesloch. In the rural parts of the district agriculture and forestry are also strongly represented. In the Rhine Graben ( St. Leon-Rot, Schwetzingen ) is one of the main areas for growing asparagus in Germany.


By the district leads the Federal Highway 5 Basel -Frankfurt, Federal Highway 61 Venlo Hockenheim and the Federal Highway 6 Saarbrücken- Mannheim- Nuremberg, which intersect at the motorway intersection Walldorf, several major roads, including the B 3, Basel -Frankfurt, the B 39, the B 37 and B 45 and state roads.

In the district was on 14 December 2003, the network of S- Bahn Rhein Neckar in operation that opens up the entire Rhine -Neckar area to the Palatinate and by Southern Hesse. A connection with the network of the Stadtbahn Karlsruhe is to be strengthened. The Upper Rhine Railway (OEG ), an interurban tram connects, on a trail Mannheim, Heidelberg and Weinheim. Trams RNV also drive from Heidelberg after glues and Eppelheim. BRN, RNV and SWEG provide the Heidelberg surrounding areas with a relatively dense network of bus routes.

County facilities

The Rhein- Neckar-Kreis is Schulträger following vocational schools: Theodor -Frey School ( Industrial and Commercial School ) Eberbach, Ehrhart -Schott - School (Business School ) Schwetzingen, Friedrich Hecker School ( Industrial School ) Sinsheim, Hans -Freudenberg School ( Industrial School ) Weinheim, Hubert -Sternberg School ( Industrial School ) Wiesloch, Carl -Theodor -Schule ( Commercial School ) Schwetzingen, Max Weber School ( Commercial School ) Sinsheim, Johann- Philipp-Reis -Schule ( Commercial school) Weinheim, Johann Philipp Bronner School ( Commercial School ) Wiesloch, Louise Otto-Peters School ( home economics school) Hockenheim with branch Wiesloch, Albert -Schweitzer -Schule ( home economics school) Sinsheim and Helen Keller School ( domestic school) Weinheim, also the following special schools: Comenius School for Mentally Handicapped Schwetzingen, stone mountain School for the mentally handicapped with Schulkindergarten Sinsheim, Maria- Montessori school for mentally handicapped with Schulkindergarten Weinheim and Martin School for the Physically disabled of Ladenburg.

The Rhein- Neckar-Kreis maintains hospitals, retirement and nursing home and geriatric rehabilitation clinics. These were so far out in the form of a self- operation. Since 1 January 2006, those facilities are operated by the " GRN health centers Rhein- Neckar -profit company ." Specifically, it is the district hospitals Eberbach, Schwetzingen and Weinheim, the county nursing homes Schriesheim, Schwetzingen, Nussloch and Weinheim, and the Geriatric rehabilitation clinics Hockenheim and Weinheim. Furthermore, it specifies the district hospitals Schwetzingen one nursing school.

Cities and Towns

( Inhabitants on 31 December 2012, area)


Agreed administrative communities and local government associations: