Ribera del Duero

Ribera del Duero is a filled.The by the River Duero wine region in Castilla -Leon, Spain. In the 1980s and 1990s, the area experienced a rapid development and has become one of the most famous regions of Spain and has earned a good name in the international markets. 2010 were planted 20,841 hectares of vineyards, which were edited by 8252 growers.


The history of wine in Ribera del Duero is long. 1972 was discovered a nearly 2,000 year old Roman mosaic in the town of Baños de Valdearados. At a size of 66 m², the deity Bacchus is depicted with Ariadne and Ampelos. Despite the evidence from the earliest days of systematic viticulture begins in the 10th and 11th century with the founding of the cities of San Esteban de Gormaz, Roa, Aranda de Duero or Peñafiel. Soon, the wine developed into a commodity in the rest of Castile. First legal provisions concerning the cultivation and trade were adopted early in the 15th century. Despite some setbacks, the area continued to perform well until the late 19th century; the vines had grown to almost 50,000 ha. Phylloxera and the agricultural policy of Franco led to a real crisis.

Through the constant evidence of a quality cultivation of the vineyard Vega Sicilia, the area will receive on July 21, 1982 the status of a DO ( Denominacion de Origen ). At that time, 13 wineries were permitted and the vineyard was approximately 6000 ha Today, 178 wineries recognized by the regulatory authority, relating their vine material from a total of 8135 growers. Meanwhile, the vineyard has grown again to about 20,000 ha.


The climate is dry with a rainfall of about 450 millimeters per year and an average of 2350 sunshine hours per year. The summers are hot with daytime highs up to 40 ° C and winters are comparatively long. It minimum of -18 ° C were measured. Through the long winter, relevant for the wine growing season to approximately 110 days option. Typical are also strong day -night temperature fluctuations. The climate thus shows a mixture of continental and Mediterranean influences.


The river Duero has given the 115 km long and a maximum of 35 -mile-wide wine region its name; it therefore does not limit itself only to their waterfronts by the river. The area combines parts of the four provinces of Burgos, Segovia, Soria and Valladolid and is part of the gently rolling Castilian plateau. The valleys are located at an altitude 750-850 msnm. Outside the documents on the river the soil is sandy and lie on strata of limestone.

The vineyards are located in the following communities:

  • Soria: San Esteban de Gormaz, Aldea de San Esteban, Atauta, Ines, Matanza de Soria, Olmillos, Pedraja de San Esteban, Peñalba de San Esteban, Quintanilla de Tres Barrios, Rejas de San Esteban Soto de San Esteban, Velilla de San Esteban, Villálvaro, Langa de Duero, Castillejo de Robledo, Miño de San Esteban, Alcubilla de Avellaneda, Alcoba de la Torre, Alcubilla del Marqués.
  • Burgos: Villalba de Duero Aranda de Duero, Castrillo de la Vega, Fuentelisendo, Roa, Pedrosa de Duero, Mambrilla de Castrejón, Sotillo de la Ribera, La horra, Anguix, Gumiel de Izán, Gumiel de Mercado, Valdeande, Milagros, Guzmán, Olmedillo de Roa, San Martín de Rubiales, Villatuelda, Terradillos de Esgueva Tórtoles de Esgueva Adrada de Haza, La Aguilera, Baños de Valdearados, Berlanga de Roa, Boada de Roa, Caleruega, Campillo de Aranda, Fresnillo de las Dueñas, Fuentecén, Fuentelcésped, Fuentemolinos, Fuentenebro, Fuentespina, Haza, Hontangas, Hontoria de Valdearados, Hoyales de Roa, Moradillo de Roa, Nava de Roa, Pardilla, Penaranda de Duero, Quemada, Quintana del Pidio, Quintanamanvirgo, San Juan del Monte, Santa Cruz de la Salceda, La Cueva de Roa, La Sequera de Haza, Torregalindo, Vadocondes, Valcabado de Roa, Valdezate, La Vid y Barrios, Tubilla del Lago, Villalbilla de Gumiel, Villaescusa de Roa, Villanueva de Gumiel, Villovela de Esgueva, Zazuar, Zuzones.
  • Segovia: Aldehorno, Honrubia de la Cuesta, Montejo de la Vega de la Serrezuela, Villaverde de Montejo.
  • Valladolid Bocos de Duero, Canalejas de Peñafiel, Castrillo de Duero, Curiel de Duero, Fompedraza, Manzanillo, Olivares de Duero, Olmos de Peñafiel Peñafiel, Pesquera de Duero, Piñel de Abajo, Piñel de Arriba, Quintanilla de Arriba, Quintanilla de Onesimo, Rábano, Roturas, Torre de Peñafiel, Valbuena de Duero, Valdearcos de la Vega.


Ribera del Duero is one of the areas where the Tempranillo comes to their fullest potential. This grape variety Tinta del Pais says here. It differs entirely from grapes in Rioja. At the Duero, the grapes smaller and the shells are thicker; the must is thus concentrated. In small quantities, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Malbec, Garnacha and Albillo are grown.

Quality levels

See the article viticulture in Spain.