Location in near space
Riberalta is the administrative capital of the Province Vaca Díez and central place of the district ( bolivian: Municipio) Riberalta. The city lies at an altitude of 144 m on the right bank of the Río Beni, which flows nearly 160 miles downstream in the Río Mamoré, a tributary of the Amazon. The city Riberalta is created directly opposite the mouth of the Río Madre de Dios in the Río Beni. Because of the close above the mouth of the Río Beni located rapids of Cachuela Esperanza use of the Río Beni as a waterway despite its width from 500 to 1000 meters limited.
Riberalta is located in the Bolivian part of the Amazon basin in the northeast corner of the country on the border with Brazil.
The mean average temperature of the region is 26 ° C and varies only slightly between 25 ° C in May and 27-28 ° C from December to February (see climate chart Riberalta ). The annual rainfall is about 1,300 mm, with a pronounced dry season from June to August month rainfall below 20 mm, and a humidity time from December to January with monthly rainfall of over 200 mm.
Riberalta was founded by the Swiss Federico Bodo Clausen and from Hamburg Máximo Henicke on 3 May 1884 it was officially recognized on February 3, 1897. Riberalta became a trading center for rubber and experienced a brief heyday. With the invention of rubber synthesischen in 1900 but production declined rapidly.
1902 Riberalta had 400 inhabitants, in 1908 there were already 2096 inhabitants and in 1911, then 4020 inhabitants, of whom 1670 women, 36 German, 17 Swiss and four Austrians.
The population of the town has continued to rise over the past three and a half decades to several times:
Riberalta is the easiest to reach from most Bolivian cities of Santa Cruz de la Sierra and La Paz by plane. Transport flights are offered by several Bolivian cities, and in early 2006, the runway of the airfield Riberalta was paved.
On the trunk road network in Bolivia can be reached Riberalta on the nearly 700 -kilometer Ruta 8, which crosses the direction of Yucumo and Rurrenabaque from the Beni Department in the northeast, however, is unpaved and poorly maintained.
A better road connection exists from the Brazilian city of Porto Velho to Riberalta that crosses the Río Mamoré at Guajará -Mirim. From Guayaramerin on the Bolivian side from here, running the last part of the Ruta 8 as toll, unpaved road to Riberalta with regular buses.
More important urban roads and connecting routes are paved or concreted. The most used means of transport is the motorcycle. Cars are in the minority, bicycles are used sporadically. Around 25 percent of the population owns a small motorcycle. As a public transport around 600 Moto - taxis are available, the standard price for a ride is about four bolivianos.
The city Riberalta is powered by an oil power plant with electricity. Especially in the transition between day and night this is sometimes overloaded, it must be so partly expected power outages. The tap water comes from a water tower. Alternatively, can be removed by Ziehbrunnen groundwater. Riberalta has a sewage system, which delivers the sewage to a natural sewage treatment plant.
The main source of income offer the Brazil nuts and tropical wood. In and around Riberalta Bricks ( Adobe ) are produced from clay. With the increase in population number of services is increasing. Thus, there are shops for consumer goods or a good selection of Internet cafes or banks.
Riberalta is a classic drawing board city. The buildings are built from wood and clay, the majority of roofs made of straw.
Around 11 kilometers from the center, in the direction Guajará -Mirim, is located in the jungle of the " Esmeralda Parque Ecologico ". There is a generously -developed park, built by a Swiss emigrant. In this park there are swimming and you can relax with sport and play.