Rice Garland ( * 1795 in Lynchburg, Virginia, † 1861 in Brownsville, Texas ) was an American politician. Between 1834 and 1840 he represented the state of Louisiana in the U.S. House of Representatives.
Both the exact date of birth and date of death of Rice Garland are unknown. He received a good education. After a subsequent study of law and qualifying as a lawyer, he began to work in his new profession. In 1820 he moved to Opelousas in Louisiana, where he also practiced as a lawyer. Politically, Garland joined in the 1820s, the movement to President John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay, who stood in opposition to Andrew Jackson and his Democratic Party, was established in 1828. Therefore, Garland was initially a member of the short-lived National Republican Party and the products resulting from their Whig Party.
Following the resignation of Mr Henry Adams Bullard Garland was at the due election for the third seat of Louisiana as his successor in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC selected. He resigned on April 28, 1834 at its new mandate. After three re- elections he could remain until his resignation on July 21, 1840 in Congress. There he lived until 1837, the last years of the presidency of Andrew Jackson. During this time was fought mainly to its banking policy. Since 1839 Garland was chairman of the Committee for the control of expenditures of the War Department.
Rice Garland resigned in July 1840 by his office after he had been appointed a judge of the Louisiana Supreme Court. This office he held until 1846. At that time he lived in New Orleans. In 1846 he moved to Brownsville, Texas, where he worked as a lawyer until his death in 1861.