Richard Anthony Parker

Richard Anthony Parker ( born December 10, 1905 in Chicago, † June 3, 1993 ) was an American Egyptologist and professor of Egyptology.


Parker left after completing his school career Mt Carmel High School with the later become known author James T. Farrell. In the 1930s, he attended the University of Chicago, where he received his doctorate in 1938.

After his training period Parker moved his residence from Chicago to Luxor, to work there as epigraphists. He studied at this time the morgue of King Ramses III. more accurate. The imminent outbreak of the Second World War prevented Parker out, however, continue his work, so he returned to his hometown and taught for the next few years at the University of Chicago as an Egyptologist. In 1946, he was then able to return to Egypt and will soon enjoy several promotions until he became director of the project.

In 1948, Parker the Department of Egyptology at Brown University and was its first chairman.

His greatest preference were ancient science and mathematics. In 1951, he traveled to Egypt to examine findings that have been associated with ancient astronomy. In the following years he devoted himself to several papyri in Paris, Copenhagen, Florence, Vienna and Oxford. His main focus lay Parker on this ancient Egyptian language - even the demo tables - astronomy, Egyptian chronology and calendar. Parker made ​​through his work that other scientists the themes of ancient Egyptian administration and the Egyptian lunar calendar continues to be prescribed.

1971 awarded the British Academy of Parker as CORRESPONDING fellow, have to give the highest honor that the academies in the UK. He was the first U.S. American to be recognized in this way. Later, Parker was also a member of the Department of Egyptian Art at the Museum of Fine Arts.


  • Medinet Habu Demotic Ostracon 4038 (1938) (Dissertation)
  • Babylonian Chronology 626 B.C. - A.D. 45 ( University of Chicago Press, 1946)
  • The Calendars of Ancient Egypt, Ancient Oriental Studies in Civilization ( University of Chicago Press, 1950)
  • Sothic Dates and Calendar Adjustment
  • The Problem of the Month -Names: A Reply (1957 )
  • Lunar Dates of Thutmose III and Ramesses II (Journal of Near Eastern Studies, 1957)
  • A Vienna Demotic Papyrus on Eclipse -and Lunar - Omina (Brown University Press, 1959)
  • Egyptian Astronomical Texts ( with O. Neugebauer ) ( 1960)
  • A string Oracle Papyrus From Thebes ( with J. Cerny ) (Brown University Press, 1962)
  • Two Demotic papyri in the Astronomical Carlsberg Collection ( 1962)
  • Egyptian Astronomical Texts, III. Decane, Planets, Constellations and Zodiacs (Brown University Press, 1969)
  • The Calendars and Chronology, the Legacy of Egypt (1971 )
  • Demotic Mathematical Papyri (Brown University Press, 1972)
  • Ancient Egyptian Astronomy, the Place of Astronomy in the Ancient World (Oxford University Press, 1974 )
  • The Edifice of Taharqa by the Sacred Lake of Karnak ( with Jean Leclant and Jean Claude Goyon ) ( Brown University Press, 1979 )
  • Egyptological Studies in Honor of Richard A. Parker: Presented on the Occasion of His 78th Birthday ( Leonard H. Lesko, ed ) ( 1986)