Rivonia is a district in Sandton Metropolitan Municipality City of Johannesburg in South Africa.
Rivonia is located about 15 kilometers north of the Johannesburg center. He belongs to Sandton forming the Johannesburg Region 3. It counts both as a business center as well as residential development of the richest parts of the city. Rivonia includes the former townships Edenburg, Edenburg extension and 19 other extensions with the names Rivonia Rivonia 1 to 25, 2001 Rivonia had 1164 inhabitants.
In the area Rivonias the Liliesleaf Farm is located ( German: Lily Leaf Farm), the early 1960s, the then- banned African National Congress ( ANC) and its armed wing Umkhonto we Sizwe served as headquarters. Since the region was reserved for whites, "white" politician Arthur Goldreich and Harold Wolpe came on as the owner, the black ANC members partly as his servants. On July 11, 1963, 16 leading ANC politicians were arrested there. The subsequent process, which took place in Pretoria, became known as the Rivonia Trial. The main defendant, Nelson Mandela, but had not been arrested in Rivonia, but previously at another location.
Rivonia in 1969 along with the districts of Bryanston, Sandown and Morningside Sandton part of whose name is a portmanteau of Sandown and Bryanston.
In the course of urbanization of the area and the construction of highways parts of the original village Rivonia were demolished. The Liliesleaf farm, now in an urban environment, was renovated after the end of apartheid and complemented by a museum and can be visited since 2008.
In Rivonia, numerous companies in the IT sector settled, including the establishment of Hewlett -Packard for Southern Africa. Rivonia Boulevard is a busy shopping street with shopping malls.