Robert III, Count of Flanders

Robert III. of Flanders, named Robert de Dampierre (after his paternal ancestors ) or Robert of Béthune (after a fief of his mother ) (* 1249, † September 1, 1322 in Ypres ) was Count of Flanders from 1305 to 1322. He was the son of Guy of Dampierre and Mathilde ( Mahaut ) of Béthune.

Given the French invasion (1297-1300) in the County of Flanders due to hereditary claims of King Philip IV, he defended Flanders, but was taken prisoner and was held by Philip IV then for five years (1300-1305) in Chinon. Only on the basis of the Treaty of Athis -sur -Orge, he was released and immediately entered the dominion in Flanders after the death of his father shortly before to. The agreement regulated the transport de Flandre, that is, the transfer of sovereignty of southern Flanders (Lille, Douai and Orchies ) and raised a huge ransom. In the dilemma between the fury of his subjects, who had long fought for the independence of their country, and the Machiavellian behavior of the French king, he had no easy maneuvering. However, as a good lord he vowed fealty, accepted the financial obligations and the harassment of the Flemings. During the period of peace (1309-1312 and from 1317 ) he promoted - like its predecessors - business and commerce. The confrontation with his son, Louis I of Nevers ended with a reconciliation in 1322, shortly before the death of both Robert and Ludwig.


Graduated from his first marriage, Robert 1266 with Blanche of Anjou (* 1250, † 1269 ), daughter of Charles of Anjou, King of Sicily and Beatrice of Provence, he had a son, Karl ( 1266-1277 ) of Agnes of Burgundy was promised, but he died at a young age.

In 1272 he married Yolande of Burgundy ( † 1280 ), Countess of Nevers 1265-1280; with her ​​he had the following children:

  • Louis I (* 1272, † 1322), Count of Nevers and Rethel, father of Count Louis I of Flanders
  • Robert ( † 1331 ), Lord of Marle and Cassel, ∞ 1323 Joan of Brittany (* 1294, † 1364 ), daughter of Duke Arthur II of Brittany and Yolande of Dreux, Countess of Montfort
  • Johanna ( Jeanne ) ( † 1333) ∞ 1288 Enguerrand IV de Coucy († 1311 ) (House Boves )
  • Iolanta ( Yolande ) ( † 1313 ) ∞ 1287 Gauthier III. d' Enghien († 1310).
  • Mathilde ∞ 1314 Matthias of Lorraine († 1330), Lord of Fleurines.