Robert M. Gray

Robert Molten Gray ( born November 1, 1943 in San Diego ) is an American information theorist, known in particular for contributions to data compression, especially vector quantization.

Forney studied electrical engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) with a Bachelor 's degree and master's degree in 1966 and in 1969 at the University of Southern California Robert A. Scholtz PhD (information rates and autoregressive sources). In 1969 he became assistant professor in 1980 and professor at Stanford University, where he was from 1984 to 1987 director of the Information Systems Laboratory and Alcatel-Lucent Professor of Electrical Engineering was.

In 2008 he received the Claude E. Shannon Award and the IEEE Jack S. Kilby Signal Processing Medal, the 1993 IEEE Signal Processing Society Award, 1998 Golden Jubilee Award of the IEEE Information Theory Society, 2000, the IEEE Third Millennium Medal in 1984 and the Centennial Medal of the IEEE. He is a member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the National Academy of Engineering ( 2007) and a Fellow of the IEEE. 1981/82 he was a Guggenheim Fellow.

1981 to 1983 he was editor of the IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, and he was editor of Foundations and Trends in Signal Processing.


  • Toeplitz and circulant matrices: a review, 1971, Boston, Delft: Now Publishers 2006
  • Probability, Random Processes and Ergodic Properties, Springer Verlag, 1988, 2009
  • Lee D. Davisson Introduction to Statistical Signal Processing, Cambridge University Press 1986, 2004
  • Entropy and Information Theory, Springer Verlag 1990, 2011
  • With LD Davisson Random Processes, Prentice- Hall 1986
  • With JG Goodman: Fourier Transforms: an introduction for engineers, Kluwer 1995
  • With Chee Sun Won: Stochastic image processing, Kluwer 2004
  • Source Coding Theory, Kluwer 1990
  • With A. Gersho: Vector Quantization and Signal Compression, Kluwer 1992
  • Linear predictive coding and Internet Protocol: a survey of LPC and a history of realtime digital speech on packet networks, Now Publishers, 2010
  • Publisher with LD Davisson Data compression, Dowden, Hutchinson and Ross, 1976
  • Publisher with LD Davisson Ergodic and Information Theory, Dowden, Hutchinson and Ross 1977