Rochus von Liliencron

Rochus Wilhelm Traugott Heinrich Ferdinand Freiherr von Liliencron ( born December 8, 1820 Plön, † March 5, 1912 in Koblenz ) was German literature, music historian, founder of the German folk song research and editor of the Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie.


Rochus Liliencron was a son of the Danish General War Commissioner Carl Ludwig Freiherr von Liliencron (1777-1846) and his wife Juliane von Liliencron (1788-1863), née Countess von Luckner. Rochus Liliencron was an uncle of the poet Detlev von Liliencron as well as the writer Sophie Wörishöffer.

1851 married Rochus of Liliencron and Louise Tutein ( 1826-1908 ) in Lübeck. The marriage came from the daughter Hedwig, later Baroness von Rheinbaben.

The family grave of those Liliencron located on Berlin's Luis Cemetery II memorial grave site of the Land of Berlin is located in the field of M-13 -24.


Liliencron first received private lessons in his home in the town of Good Dollrott Dollrottfeld ( fishing). He attended schools in Plön and Lübeck. Liliencron studied theology and oriental languages ​​at the Christian -Albrechts -University of Kiel, law and history at the Humboldt University in Berlin. Finally Liliencron German studied with Karl Müllenhoff in Kiel, where he received his doctorate with a thesis about Neidharts courtly poetry village in 1846.

When visiting his brother in Copenhagen he became acquainted with the poetry of Hans Christian Andersen and the actress Johanne Luise Heiberg know. In Copenhagen Liliencron operational studies on Scandinavian literature. Following his Habilitation in March 1848 at the University of Bonn, he was only briefly worked as a lecturer.

Despite his close personal relations with Denmark he presented himself at the beginning of Schleswig-Holstein survey of the provisional government in Kiel available: He represented their interests in Hanover. Then Liliencron was Friedrich Graf von Reventlou the secretary in the office of Foreign Affairs, only in Rendsburg and later in Schleswig. Since the beginning of 1849, he was a diplomat in Berlin.

Because of the Berlin work, he was able to take one for him in 1850 newly created Chair of Nordic Languages ​​at the University of Kiel until 1851. Because he lost the Kiel teaching position for political reasons, he went in 1852 as ao Professor of German Literature at the Friedrich -Schiller- University Jena. The target of his successor Johann Andreas Schmeller at the Ludwig- Maximilians- University of Munich was unsuccessful.

Since 1855 Liliencron stood as a diplomat, director of the court orchestra and as a court librarian in the service of Duke Bernhard II of Saxe -Meiningen. After the abdication of the Duke on September 20, 1866 in favor of the Prince George Liliencron position was difficult, so he resigned the service in 1868.

Liliencron in 1869 commissioned by the Royal Bavarian Academy of Sciences of the editors of General German Biography. Your total of 56 volumes with more than 26,500 articles published between 1875 until 1912.

1876 ​​Rochus of Liliencron was provost of the ladies pin St. John Monastery in Schleswig. He held until 1908 this position. During this time Liliencron could contribute to reconciliation between the houses of Hohenzollern and Schleswig -Holstein -Sonderburg- August Castle: In 1880, he led for the ducal family Augustenburg the negotiations for the marriage contract between the future Empress Auguste Victoria and Crown Prince Wilhelm, later emperor Wilhelm II

Liliencron led the Prussian Music Historical Commission as chairman from 1900 to 1911. Under his leadership, the Commission brought out 42 volumes of the monuments German musical art. In addition Liliencron founded the folk song research in Germany, was chairman of the task force for the creation of a popular song book for male chorus, which the Commission issued at the instance of Emperor Wilhelm II in 1906.

From 1908 lived until the death in 1912 Liliencron with his daughter Hedwig baroness of Rheinbaben in Berlin and Koblenz.


  • Masonic Lodge Charlotte at the three carnations in Meiningen
  • 1901: Honorary Member of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen



  • About Neidharts village courtly poetry. Thesis. In: Journal for German Antiquity 6/1849, pp. 69-117.
  • Count Ourem or strength and power. Tragedy in five acts. Schwers'sche bookstore, Kiel 1844
  • For runes teaching. Two Treatises. Together with Karl Müllenhoff. Schwetschke, Halle 1852 Internet Archive.
  • German life in the folk song to 1530th Union German Verlagsgesellschaf, Berlin / Stuttgart 1884
  • Liturgical and musical history of the Protestant church services from 1523 to 1700. Schleswig 1893
  • The Runestone Gottorp. King Sigtrygg 's stone in Schleswig- Holstein, Kiel Museum Antiquities of the Fatherland. University Bookstore, Kiel 1888
  • Happy Youth Days. Memoirs. Tells children and grandchildren. Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1902
  • How do you do in Amwald music. The seventh deadly sin. Novels. Leipzig 1903 Reprint: How to do in Amwald music. Travel letters to my daughter. Reich, Hamburg- Bergstedt 1957