Roger Griswold ( born May 21, 1762 Lyme, Connecticut; † October 25, 1812 in Norwich, Connecticut ) was an American politician and the fifth Governor of the U.S. state of Connecticut. He was a member of the Federalist Party.
Early years and political rise
Roger Griswold was the son of Matthew Griswold, who served as Governor of Connecticut 1784-1786, and Ursula Wolcott, the daughter of former governor Roger Wolcott. From the age of 14, he attended Yale University, where he graduated in 1780. Then Griswold studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1783. He thus laid the foundation for an outstanding legal career. In the course of his life him two Doctor of Laws have been awarded a 1811 by Harvard University and another in 1812 by Yale University.
Griswold later pursued a career in politics and stood for election in 1795 for a position in Congress. He won the election and the five subsequent re- elections. He stepped back from his mandate in 1805, before he could be appointed to the 19th U.S. Congress. During the 16th U.S. Congress, he was chairman of the Committee on Revisal and Unfinished Business and the Committee on Ways and Means. Furthermore, the post of U.S. war minister, he was offered in 1801 by the U.S. President John Adams; However, Griswold rejected this. He then worked as a judge on Connecticut Superior Court 1807-1809. He was also set up in 1808 as a presidential elector for Charles Cotesworth Pinckney and Rufus King. After that, he was 1809-1811 Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut.
Governor of Connecticut
On April 8, 1811 Griswold was elected governor of Connecticut and sworn in on May 9, 1811. He was re-elected on 13 April 1812 for a second term. During his terms, he was busy with the concerns of the War of 1812. President James Madison called him four companies of Connecticut's troops, who were to serve with the American U.S. Army. Governor Griswold refused this request from the quotation that they would not need to host an invasion.
Governor Griswold died on 25 October 1812 and was buried at the Griswold Cemetery at Black Hall Old Lyme.
He was married to Fanny Rogers, they had ten children together.