Rockot (also Rokot; Russian Рокот, translated as " the roaring ", " roar ", GRAU index 14A05 ) is a Russian carrier rocket of light class that can bring a payload of 1950 kg into a 200 km high in Earth orbit with 63 ° inclination.
The total mass of Rockot is 107 tons, length 29 m, the maximum diameter of 2.5 m. The rocket consists of three stages, the lower two levels are based on the Soviet intercontinental ballistic missile UR -100N (SS -19), the third stage is the type Briz- KM. All levels using 1,1 -dimethylhydrazine ( UDMH ) as fuel and nitrogen tetroxide as oxidant. Another launcher, which is based on the SS -19, the Strela. The start up costs of a commercial Rockot be an estimated 13 to 15 million U.S. dollars.
The first suborbital test on November 20, 1990 in Baikonur. Further launches were made in the early 1990s from there, with the Rockot was fired from a silo. On 26 December 1994, the first satellite with the Rockot was placed in an earth orbit. Later ( commercial ) launch took place from May 16, 2000 by Plesetsk by a specially converted for the Rockot launch pad of the Cosmos rocket. Also in the Russian space center Svobodny silo launch facilities are available for the SS -19, which can be used if necessary with modifications for the Rockot rocket.
Eurockot Launch Services GmbH markets the rocket today. It is a company based in Bremen joint venture between Astrium ( 51%) and GKNPZ Khrunichev ( 49%).
As of December 27, 2013
As of December 25, 2013