Rolls-Royce Phantom III
Rolls- Royce Phantom III (1936 )
The Rolls -Royce Phantom III was the last great Rolls- Royce before the Second World War. The vehicle was introduced in 1936 and replaced the Phantom II It was the only Rolls -Royce V12 engine until the introduction of the Silver Seraph in 1998. 727 By 1939, the Phantom III chassis was manufactured, many of which still exist.
The Phantom III has an aluminum V12 engine with 7340 cc ( bore x stroke = 82.5 mm × 114.3 mm). The hanging valves are driven by a single, lying between the cylinder banks below the camshaft. Early versions had hydraulic valve lifters, or more specifically, a system of eccentric washers on each rocker arm, which was moved by a small hydraulic piston, the eccentric discs made sure that there is no play between rocker and valve was established. 1938 this system was abandoned in favor of fixed manually adjustable tappets. Another unusual feature is the double ignition of the Phantom III, which consists of two manifolds, two ignition coils and 24 spark plugs. The fuel is transported by two electric SU pump to the carburetors. As standard, the Phantom III had wire spoke wheels, but many cars were equipped with " Ace " disc wheels.
The cars were equipped with central lubrication, which was operated by a lever in the cab. New independent suspension was on the front of coil springs; the rear axle with semi-elliptic longitudinal leaf springs its been taken over from its predecessor. The four-speed gearbox was synchronized in the aisles 2, 3 and 4. From 1938 there was an overdrive function. The mechanical brake booster for cable brakes on all four wheels was manufactured under licenses from Hispano-Suiza. The radiator frame was from Staybrite steel.
The sheer weight of the car can be seen in their performance. A 1938 by English magazine Autocar tested specimen reached a maximum speed of 140 km / h and acceleration from 0-100 km / h in 16.8 seconds. The value measured with this test, fuel consumption was 28 liters per 100 km.
Only the chassis and mechanics were made by Rolls- Royce. The bodies were built to customer requirements of a wheelwright. Some of the most famous coachbuilders for Rolls -Royce automobiles were Park Ward, Thrupp & Maberly, Mulliner and Hooper.
James Bond's Rolls- Royce Phantom III
The Rolls -Royce Phantom III gained by his appearance in the James Bond film Goldfinger as Auric Goldfinger vehicle and his bodyguard Oddjob awareness.