Roman Catholic Diocese of Shanghai
The diocese of Shanghai (Latin Dioecesis Sciamhaevensis ) is a diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in China, headquartered in Shanghai.
The foundation of the diocese is located at the beginning of the 17th century, initiated by missionaries, including the Jesuit priest Matteo Ricci. Under Pope Pius XI. was established from the Apostolic Vicariate of Nanking out on 13 December 1933, the Vicariate Apostolic of Shanghai. On 11 April 1946, the survey was conducted to the diocese, as that it is a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Nanking. Its cathedral is the church of St. Ignatius, built in 1906.
With an area of 10,000 km ², it counted 1950 78 diocesan priests, 117 religious priests and 690 nuns. First bishop was Auguste Haouisée. The second Bishop of Shanghai, Ignatius Kung Pin- Mei, was elevated to cardinal in 1979 and died on 17 March 2000 at the age of 98 years. The succession is unclear to date; of for a long time under house arrest Monsignor Joseph Fan Zhongliang, SJ, is regarded as the head of the diocese of Shanghai, but not recognized by Beijing.
Bishop of the Chinese Catholic Patriotic Association, founded in 1985, the Jesuit Aloysius Jin Luxian, which was recognized in 2005 by the Curia as Apostolic Administrator for the Alzheimer's diseased fan. Thaddeus Ma Daqing was ordained July 7, 2012 with the approval of Rome to the Bishop and with the consent of the government or the approval of the official Chinese Catholic Bishops' Conference as coadjutor with right of succession of Bishop Jin Luxian. Because he renounced after the consecration of the Patriotic Association, he was placed under house arrest and declared by the Patriotic Association deposed. Bishop Jin Luxian wide on April 27, 2013.
2008, the number of Catholics is estimated at approximately 150,000.