Roman Lee Hruska ( born August 16, 1904 in David City, Butler County, Nebraska; † 25 April 1999 in Omaha, Nebraska ) was an American politician ( Republican), who represented the state of Nebraska in both chambers of Congress. Hruska was known as one of the most vocal conservatives in the U.S. Senate in the 1960s and 1970s. He was often referred to as a particularly hard-working, old-fashioned and traditional politicians.
The descendant of Czech immigrants, who was proud of his Czech heritage, and his family moved to Omaha when he graduated from junior high school. He attended the Technical High School in North Omaha. He studied at the University of Nebraska at Omaha, University of Chicago Law and graduated from Creighton University. He settled in Omaha and became a lawyer. He went as a member of the county commission of the Douglas counties in the policy. He served from 1944 to 1945 as a regular member, and from 1945 to 1952 as chairman. He was vice - president of the National Association of County Officials 1951 to 1952 and served for a time as a member of the supervisory authority of Nebraska and the Board of Directors of the University of Omaha.
Hruska was founded in 1952, was elected for the second district of Nebraska, which consists mainly of Ohama House of Representatives. He served only one term, because a candidate in 1954 for the first seat of Nebraska in the U.S. Senate, which had become vacant by the death of Hugh A. Butler. Hruska and won in 1958, 1964 and 1970 re-elected. In the Senate, he remained until his retirement in 1976. His opponent in 1958 and 1970, Frank B. Morrison. Hruska decided not to run for re-election for a fourth term.
Hruska was an influential member of the United States Senate Committee on Appropriations and the Judiciary Committee of the Senate. He voted for the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Though the Congress was controlled all his time in the Senate long by the Democrats, he was known as a skillful legislator, and was told that he. Greatly affect the changes in the federal criminal justice system during his time At the time of his retirement he was a high-ranking member of the Judiciary Committee of the Senate.
Defense of mediocrity
Hruska is best known in American political history for this speech in which he called for 1970 at the Senate to confirm the appointment of G. Harrold Carswell to the Supreme Judge of the Court of the United States. In response to the criticism that Carswell was a mediocre judges have been, Hruska said, " Even if he is mediocre, there are a lot of mediocre judges and people and lawyers They are Entitled to a little representation, are not they, and a. little chance?, we can not all have Brandeise, Frankfurter and Cardozo. "
This speech was criticized by many and Carswell was finally rejected.
On October 10, 1978 signed by President Jimmy Carter, the law that the named Meat Animal Research Center (MARC ) in Clay County, Nebraska after the former senator. The Roman L. Hruska Federal Courthouse in Omaha is also named after him. Hruska moved back to Omaha in 1976 and lived there until his death. On 10 April 1999 he fell, broke her hip and died of complications during treatment. Hruska was Kuncl Victoria Hruska married and had three children with her: Jana, Quenton and Roman Jr.