Ingarden studied mathematics and philosophy at the University Lvov at the Brentano students Kazimierz Twardowski. In 1912 he moved to the Georg -August- University of Göttingen, where he studied philosophy at the phenomenologist Edmund Husserl. In 1918 he received his doctorate in Husserl on " intuition and intellect in Henri Bergson " at the Albert- Ludwigs- University of Freiburg. After receiving his doctorate Ingarden returned to Poland, where he working on his habilitation, mathematics, psychology and philosophy taught at a high school. In 1925 he was appointed to a professorship there lecturer at the University Lvov and 1933. In 1946 he was appointed to a chair at the Jagiellonian University in Krakow. In 1949 he received a ban on teaching as a result of the burgeoning Stalinism. 1957 this ban was lifted. 1963 Ingarden was given emeritus status.
Ingarden devoted himself to the phenomenological view of ontology and aesthetics. He dealt with the layer structure of artwork categories, with the schematic form of art and the synthetic nature of the film. He also had a great influence on the later reception aesthetics with his writings.
His particular interest was the ontology. His philosophy of art he laid down in the two-volume work " The controversy over the existence of the world " (1947, 1948). In addition, he also dealt with the philosophy of literature in " The Literary Work of Art " (1931 ), the philosophy of the film in " Notes on Film Art " (1957 ) and the epistemology and aesthetics in " The position of the theory of knowledge in the system of philosophical sciences " (1925 ). The transcendental turn of the late Husserl rejected Ingarden. For Ingarden 's most important students of the later Józef Tischner Solidarność philosopher was.