Ron Carter ( born May 4, 1937 in Ferndale (Michigan) ) is an American jazz bassist. With the participation of more than 2,500 albums, he is one of the most produced bassists in jazz history. Carter is also an acclaimed cellist. The jazz bassist Stanley Clarke said of Ron Carter: Imagine, there would be no Ron Carter, then there would be so much less art in this world.
Life and work
Carter was born in Ferndale, Michigan. He began at the age of ten years to play the cello, but increased after a period of on bass and learned next to yet violin, clarinet, trombone and tuba. He attended Cass Technical High School in Detroit and later the Eastman School of Music in Rochester, where he played with the Philharmonic Orchestra. He received his bachelor's degree at the Eastman School of Music in 1959 and 1961, his master's degree for the study of the double bass in the game at the Manhattan School of Music.
In his first job as a jazz musician, he played with Jaki Byard and Chico Hamilton. His first albums he recorded with Eric Dolphy, another former member of the Hamilton group and Don Ellis in 1960. Besides their own recordings as a leader on bass with Eric Dolphy and Mal Waldron he played on Dolphy's Out There with George Duvivier album and Roy Haynes as a cellist. He also participated in recordings with Cannonball Adderley, Bobby Timmons and Randy Weston.
Its advanced harmonies and concepts were in line with the Third Stream movement. Although he occasionally played electric bass, he focused on acoustic instruments, often including a tuned to c, g, d and a piccolo bass that sounds like a cello.
A wider audience became known Ron Carter for his collaboration with Gil Evans (Out of the Cool, 1960). Carter came through his membership in the second Miles Davis quintet with Herbie Hancock, Wayne Shorter and Tony Williams to fame. Carter was in 1963 a member of Davis Quintet and appeared on the albums Seven Steps to Heaven, My Funny Valentine and the following album ESP, where he three compositions, Eighty -One, RJ and Mood contributed. He is also heard on the albums Miles Smiles from 1966, Nefertiti and Sorcerer and Miles in the Sky and Filles de Kilimanjaro. In addition to his participation in the tours of the Miles Davis Quintet, he played with on many other, partly legendary albums like Herbie Hancock's Maiden Voyage. Carter played on several albums by Williams and Shorter in the sixties for Blue Note Records. He stayed with Davis until 1968, when he was replaced by Dave Holland. In the years 1969 and 1970, he participated in several studio sessions with Davis. Another interaction with Davis, there were 1986 to support an anti-apartheid campaign.
After he had left the Davis Quintet, Carter was the mainstay of CTI Records, where he recorded both albums under his own name, as also played a diverse range of other musicians albums for several years. Notable musical partnerships in the 1970s and 1980s passed with Joe Henderson, Houston Person, Hank Jones and Cedar Walton. Carter played and produced with Antônio Carlos Jobim, Stanley Turrentine, Stan Getz, Coleman Hawkins, Horace Silver, Kenny Burrell, Milt Jackson, Billy Cobham and many other important jazz musicians. During the 1970s he was a member of the New York Jazz Quartet.
He appeared as a sideman on many Blue Note recordings of this period, such as Sam Rivers, Freddie Hubbard, Duke Pearson, Lee Morgan, McCoy Tyner, Andrew Hill, Horace Silver and others. Carter was also a member of the company founded in 1976 by Hancock Quintet VSOP and appeared on the same, recorded at the Newport Festival live album VSOP and in 1979 the album Live Under The Sky and in the nineties as a tribute to Miles Davis Album A Tribute To Miles Davis.
As a bandleader Ron Carter played more than 20 albums in. He is also heard on the influential album The Low End Theory of the alternative hip- hop group A Tribe Called Quest. In 1994, Carter appeared on the compilation Stolen Moments: Red Hot Cool the Red Hot Organization, an international organization dedicated to fighting the spread of AIDS prescribed by the means of pop culture. The album was honored by Time Magazine as album of the year. In 2001, Carter worked with Black Star and John Patton in the recording of Money Jungle for another compilation Red Hot Indigo, a tribute to Duke Ellington.
Carter is regarded as imaginative improviser. He also opened up the cello, the bass guitar and participated in the design of a piccolo bass with. His bass colleague Reggie Workman acknowledged that Carter ", the grounds of Monk Montgomery and Oscar Pettiford concept of the bass evolved as a frontline instrument." Carter had in 1996 a notable appearance in Robert Altman 's film Kansas City. The guy shows him and Christian McBride at the duet at Solitude. Carter appeared as himself in an episode of the HBO series Treme entitled What Is New Orleans. He was a member of the Miles Davis Tribute Band in 1993, a Grammy in the category "Best Jazz Group ".
Carter is Distinguished Professor Emeritus of the Faculty of Music at the City College of New York, where he taught for 20 years. He also taught at the Eastman School of Music in Rochester in the state of New York. He became in 2008 a member of the faculty of the Juilliard School in New York City, where he taught at the School for Jazz Bass. Even as the author of Jazz books Carter was successful; his book Building A Jazz Bass Line becoming the standard reference work for advanced jazz players. He received honorary doctorates from the New England Conservatory of Music and the Manhattan School of Music.
Ron Carter is a member of the advisory committee of the board of the Jazz Foundation of America and the Honorary Founder's Committee. Carter worked with the Jazz Foundation since its establishment in supporting older American jazz and blues musicians.
Albums under his own name
- Where? (1961 ), Prestige Records
- All Blues (1973 ), CTI Records
- Blues Farm (1973 ), CTI Records
- Piccolo (1977 ), Milestone Records - Live from the " Sweet Brazil ", New York
- Parade ( 1979), Milestone Records - with Joe Henderson, Chick Corea, Tony Williams and more
- New York Slick (1980 ), Milestone Records
- The Bass and I ( 1997), Blue Note Records
- Orfeu (1999), Blue Note Records
- Stardust (2002), Blue Note Records
- The Golden Striker ( 2003), Blue Note Records
- Dear Miles (2007), Blue Note Records
- Jazz and Bossa (2008), Blue Note Records
- Ron Carter 's Great Big Band ( Sunnyside, 2011)
Albums as a band member
- Joe Henderson - Power To The People, tetragon
- Sam Rivers - Fuchsia Swing Song, Contours
- Eric Dolphy - Out There (1960 )
- Andrew Hill - Grass Roots, Lift Every Voice, Passing Ships
- Bobby Hutcherson - Components
- Wes Montgomery - So Much Guitar (1961 ), Tequila, California Dreaming
- Oliver Nelson - Sound Pieces
- Miles Davis - Quiet Nights (1962 ), Four and More, My Funny Valentine, Live at the Plugged Nickel, Miles Smiles, ESP, Nefertiti, Miles in the Sky, Seven Steps To Heaven, The Sorcerer, Water Babies
- Wayne Shorter - Speak No Evil (1964 ), The All Seeing Eye
- McCoy Tyner - The Real McCoy, Expansions, Trident, Counterpoints, super trio, Extensions ( 1970)
- Archie Shepp - The Way Ahead (1968 )
- Quincy Jones - Gula Matari (1970 )
- Freddie Hubbard - Red Clay ( 1970), Empyrean Isles, First Light
- Donald Byrd - Electric Byrd (1970 )
- Roberta Flack - First Take (1970), Quiet Fire (1971 ), Killing Me Softly (1973 )
- Billy Cobham - Spectrum (1973 )
- Jim Hall - Concierto (1975 )
- Herbie Hancock, Wayne Shorter, Ron Carter, Tony Williams, Wallace Roney: A Tribute to Miles (1992 )