Rostov (Russian Ростов ) is a Russian city in the Yaroslavl Oblast with 31 792 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010 ), about 225 km north-east of Moscow on the railway line Moscow Yaroslavl, which also used by trains of the Trans-Siberian Railway since the 1930s will. Rostov is located on Lake Nero and is therefore called in distinction from Rostov-on- Don Rostov Yaroslavsky also or Rostov-on- Lake Nero. It is part of the Golden Ring of Russia and is a major tourist center. Until the 18th century it was called the city of Rostov Veliky ( in modern Russian spelling Ростов Великий ), which means as much as "Greater Rostov ".
Rostov is one of the oldest Russian cities. In the Primary Chronicle the city of Rostov is mentioned for the first time for the year 862. In his youth, Yaroslav the Wise was sent by his father to Rostov to the northern countries to govern Rostov that slowly formed into a firmer territory. Since 1054 was Rostov capital of this country. 1070 Rostov became a bishop. To escape the mighty Rostov boyars, Yuri Dolgoruky in 1125 moved the princely residence from Rostov to Suzdal, the principality was now called Rostov - Suzdal. Under Prince Konstantin Vsyevolodovitch (1185-1218) was Rostow 1207 finally capital of the Principality of Rostov. At this time, it was a densely populated city with Fuerstenhof, Bojarensitzen and vigilantes. Merchants and artisans formed the majority of the population. After 1219, the Principality of Rostov fell into the principalities Rostov, Yaroslavl and Uglich, which were destroyed in 1238 during the Mongol invasions. 1474 acquired Grand Prince Ivan III. Rostov for the Grand Duchy of Moscow and Rostov lost its political relevance. In cultural, architectural and religious point of view but its importance grew over the following centuries. Since the 18th century annual fairs and the establishment of textile factories in the 19th century governed the economic development of the city.
Note: Census data
The city has a variety of architectural attractions, which the Kremlin with the Uspenski Cathedral and many other churches and the Princely Palace, an outstanding example of profane architecture belong. Special attention deserves the world famous Great ringing in the Kremlin, which Hector Berlioz visited in 1869 in order to experience the different melodies of Geläuts for which the Rostov Hunchback were world famous with their own ears.
Furthermore, the arcade in the old town as well as the Redeemer -Jakob monastery are emphasized in the city, which has ancient great and very splendid neo-classical architecture. There are also several monasteries around the city such as the Abraham monastery and the famous Boris and Gleb Monastery.
The main economic sectors are engineering, textile industry, food industry, crafts and agriculture.