Roth ( formerly known as Roth on sand or near Nuremberg referred to ) is the county town of the Middle Franconian district Roth. The city is located in the metropolitan region of Nuremberg and at the same time in the Franconian Lake District. To 13 March 1973, the official name of locality Roth near Nuremberg.
- 2.1 Amalgamations
- 4.1 Established businesses
- 6.1 City Council
- 6.2 Mayor
- 6.3 parties and youth groups
- 6.4 Coat of Arms
- 6.5 Town twinning
- 7.1 Museums
- 7.2 Structures
- 7.3 monuments
- 8.1 traffic 8.1.1 Road Traffic
- 8.1.2 Rail
- 8.1.3 bus
- 8.1.4 Air Traffic
Geography, urban structure
Roth is at the confluence of the rivers Roth, Rednitz and Herzogenaurach in the Middle Franconian Keuper bay. In earlier times, even Roth called on the sand.
Roth has 30 neighborhoods:
- Bruckl one mill
- Iron Hammer in Roth
- Finster mill
- Rabbits Bruck
- Kilian village
- Copper hammer in Roth
- Leonhard mill
- Top glass loop
- Upper Steinbach an der Haide
- Lower glass loop
- Untersteinbach on the heath
The first written mention of Roth was in the year 1060. Since the 12th century there was a market, mid-14th century city rights detectable. The city was captured early on by industrialization and benefited from the existing rail connection since 1849. The city was a center for the production of Lyonese goods and benefited from the trend a decorated Christmas tree in the 19th century. Even in World War II, the city prospered due to the increased demand for Christmas tree decorations, which was flown for propaganda purposes, even in the Stalingrad pocket.
Since the 15th century, Jews are detectable in Roth. In the 17th century they formed a community of ten families. Over time, the number of Jews went back to Roth. 1935 left the last Roth after it had come to the then usual boycotts ( in Roth with items of children from Jewish shops ) and had to forcibly sell the last of the Jews.
The town's name was officially changed on 13 March 1973 by Roth b.Nürnberg in Roth.
On 1 July 1971, the formerly independent communities Belmbrach and Oberpfaffenhofen were incorporated. On 1 January 1972 Bernlohe and Rothaurach as well as parts of the territory were added to the dissolved municipalities Brunnau and Wallesau. On 1 January 1973 Harrlach followed. Parts of the disbanded community Birkach were incorporated on 1 January 1975. With the incorporation of Eckersmühlen and areas of the dissolved municipality Ritterbach the number of incorporations on 1 May 1978, completed.
By 1935, Roth had a Jewish community.
Roth is one of the largest sites of the Bundeswehr in Bavaria. In the Otto -Lilienthal -Kaserne 2,800 soldiers are stationed. The site was founded in 1956. From 2019 to here the officers' school of the Air Force to train.
- LEONI AG, Werk Roth
- Bavarian cable Werke AG
- Carl Schlenk AG and Schlenk Metallic Pigments GmbH
- ALDI Süd, regional company Roth
- Nutrichem diet pharma GmbH
- Lamb's Germany GmbH
- Speck pumps
- Primary and secondary schools
- Anton Seitz Middle School (Hauptschule 5th - 10th grade with full day care)
- Elementary school Eckersmühlen (elementary 1 - 4th grade )
- Elementary School Garden Street ( Elementary School 1st - 4th grade with lunch)
- Elementary school copper plate (elementary 1 - 4th grade with lunch)
- Primary School North Ring (elementary 1 - 4th grade with lunch)
- Primary school Oberpfaffenhofen ( primary school first - fourth grade )
- Wilhelm von Stieber School - State Secondary School ( 5th-10th grade. )
- School Roth ( scientific- technological and linguistic school)
- Special Educational Support Center
- State Vocational School
- Vocational School for elderly care
- Vocational School of Nursing
- Vocational School of Technical assistant and computer science
- School of Agriculture
- Technical School of Mechanical Engineering
- Officers School of the Air Force ( starting in 2012 )
The 30-member city council was last elected in 2014. The current distribution of seats:
In the mayoral election on 27 February 2011, none of the six candidates won an absolute majority, whereupon in the runoff Ralph precious Häußer (CSU ) and Sonja Möller (independent, nominated by the liberal voters ) faced. This ballot decided noble Häußer with 59.6 % of the valid votes and has since February 23, 2011 First Mayor. The Office of the Second Mayor currently perceives Elisabeth Bieber (CDU ), third mayor is Hans Raithel (SPD).
Parties and youth groups
In Roth local clubs exist all -represented in the City Council factions. In addition, there are local chapters of the Young Socialists, the Junge Union, the Young Greens and the Party for francs.
Coat of arms
The coat of arms consists of black-and- white Zollernvierung and a red R ( heraldic right above) as an abbreviation for the name Roth.
Twin cities of Roth are
- Poland Racibórz ( Ratibor, Silesia) in Poland,
- Opava Czech Republic ( Opava, Moravian- Silesia) in the Czech Republic and
- Germany Regen in Bavaria.
Culture and sights
Roth has a public library with about 30,000 items.
- Factory Museum Leonische industry
- Heimatstube City and County of Saaz at the District Office
- Historic iron hammer Eckersmühlen
- Museum Schloss Ratibor
- The Margrave Ratibor Castle was built in 1535-1538 by Margrave George the Pious of Brandenburg- Ansbach. The funds came from the Upper Silesian Opole provinces, hunters village and Ratibor the Marquis. Therefore, the Ratibor castle was called at the Retzet.
- The Protestant town church, situated on a hill, just off the Medieval market square forms with their towering tower a striking landmark of the Old Town. It was built in about the 14th century and later rebuilt several times (1511, 1732-1738, 1882-1885 ). During the Reformation, the church became Lutheran in 1529.
- Catholic parish church: At the end of the 19th century greatly increasing Catholic community given its own house of worship, the neo-Gothic parish church of St. Mary, which was consecrated on 13 November 1898. In its interior there are two important late Gothic altars of the church in Rednitzhembach. These are characteristic examples of the Nuremberg art around 1500.
- The fountain on the market square with the eagle of Brandenburg on the richly decorated with rococo ornaments fountain column dates back to 1757th
- Riffelmacher House: House No. 43 on the marketplace, equipped with decorative timber from the period around 1600.
- Seckendorf - castle
- The Old Town Hall in Rother Street, a charming building from 1759 carries on its gable a figure of Justice and on the facade of a relief with the coat of arms. The coat of arms on the south side with the year 1533 comes from the predecessor.
- Garden Show: Former exhibition center in the small country garden show, adjacent to the city park with an old station house dating from around 1900.
Economy and infrastructure
Roth is right on the B 2 This leads, however, as bypass around Roth around.
In Roth Station Line 2 of the S -Bahn Nürnberg ends. The driving time from Nuremberg Central Station is the S -Bahn 29 minutes, with the regional express trains 20 minutes. Runs hourly Regional-Express to Munich, alternating over Augsburg or Ingolstadt.
The Röhler City Bus GmbH (RSB ), a subsidiary Röhler Touristik GmbH operates the city bus Roth.
The nearest international airport Nuremberg Airport is located about 40 kilometers north of the city.
- Youth House
- Culture Factory
- City Library
- Community College
Leisure and sports facilities
- Nordic Walking Park
- Park in the Rothengrund
- County sports facility
- Early to mid-April: Rother Blues Days
- Mid-June (every 2 years): Oven proof in Roth- Bernlohe
- End of May: Asparagus Festival
- Last weekend in June: Rothsee Triathlon Festival
- July / August: Rother castle games
- Early July: acorn Burger Oven proof
- First weekend in July: country cycle
- Second weekend in July: Challenge Roth Triathlon Festival (formerly Ironman Europe)
- End of July: "Red at Night " Night Tours
- Second weekend in August: Rother fair
- Second weekend in September: Rother Old Town Festival
- October / November: Rother cabaret autumn
- Early December: Christmas market Rother
Roth is twinned with Racibórz ( Ratibor ) in Poland, with Opava ( Opava ) in the Czech Republic as well as the charming town rain.
→ Main article: List of honorary citizens of Roth
Sons and daughters of the town
- Johann Pfotel (1445-1511), lawyer and diplomat
- Johann Matthias Gesner (1691-1761), teacher, classical scholar and librarian
- Johann Georg Geret (1694-1761), Protestant theologian and educator
- Georg Konrad Rothbart (1817-1896), German architect and builder
- Ferdinand Rothbart (1823-1899), German etcher, illustrator, history painter and curator
- Anton Seitz (1829-1900), painter of friends of Carl Spitzweg
- Sigmund Graff (1898-1979), novelist and playwright
- Heini " Heiner " Miller ( born 1934 ), football player, German Champion (1961 )
- Benno Basso ( b. 1936 ), businessman and member of the Bavarian Senate ( 1992-1999)
- Heribert Thallmair ( b. 1936 ), president of the Bavarian Senate (1996-1999)
- Friedrich Laux (* 1938), German prehistorians
- Manfred Weiss (* 1944), Bavarian Minister of Justice ( 1999-2003)
- Silke Wieprecht (* 1965), university professor,
- Heike Reiter ( born 1969 ), writer
- Harald Stocker (born 1969 ), science journalist
- Sascha Heyna (* 1975), German journalist, presenter and singer
- Christian Eigler (* 1984), German football player
- Matthias Roll ( * 1991), founding member of the comedy trio Y- Titty
- Michael Heinloth (* 1992), German football player
Those who worked or lived in Roth and / or died:
- Eduard Rupprecht (1837-1907), a Lutheran pastor and apologetic writer who worked in the 1870s at the church in Wallesau
- Emil August Podszus (1881-1968), German physicist and inventor
- Supf Ernst (1895-1970), German businessman and politician ( FDP)
- Fritz Sotke (1902-1970), German author and composer
- Hugo Karl Schmidt (1909-2009), Protestant pastor and author
- Rudolf Wöhrl (1913-2010), German entrepreneur who founded the first branch of Rudolf Wöhrl AG in Roth
- Hans Roser (1931-2005), Protestant pastor, politician and author
- Rossmeissl Ernst (1934-2012), politician ( SPD)
- Ulrich Strunz ( born 1943 ), internist, triathlete, author
- Klaus Wedel, church music director and president of the Association of Evang. Church musicians and church musician in Bayern eV
- Harry Wijnvoord ( * 1949 ), radio and television presenter
- Detlev Cheerful (* 1953), German medical officer in the rank of general
- Peter hooves (* 1954), German politician ( SPD)
- Reinhard Wolski ( born 1955 ), General of the Bundeswehr
- Rudolf mouse (born 1958 ), General of the Bundeswehr