41.767519.875555555556100Koordinaten: 41 ° 46 'N, 19 ° 53 ' E
Rrëshen ( Albanian: Rrësheni ) is a small town in northern Albania. In the municipality of 8803 inhabitants ( 2011 census ). The Komunalbehörden however, indicate a population of 8204 people for only the city and 15,234 inhabitants for the whole community. It is the largest town in Mirdita and the capital of the district of the same.
Rrëshen is around 50 kilometers north of Tirana and removed about 25 kilometers from the sea and the city of Lezha. In the hilly area of Mirdita it is far from the spot where the fan i Vogël ( "Little Fan" ), the Fan i Madh ( " Big Fan" ) and the Zmeja unite to flow fan. From the river bed of the Zmeja the city draws up a hillside. The uphill rising main road ends at a central square.
Economy and infrastructure
As an administrative center of the Mirdita has Rrëshen authorities, secondary schools, a hospital, a product from the communist era cultural center, a hotel and restaurants. The newly built cathedral is the seat of the diocese Rrëshen.
The important link road from Durres and Tirana and Kukes on Milot to Kosovo leads past the city. In summer 2009, the new highway 1 was passed with the later temporarily closed Kalimash tunnel the traffic that passes through the city on the edge. The remote mountain region has soon on a good road links to the commercial centers of Albania and Kosovo.
The route of the Albanian railway from Milot after Rrëshen was decommissioned in the 1990s. The new highway was mostly created on their route.
Rrëshen is a young city, which is listed on maps from the 1920s, just as a small village. Until the Second World War, there was no city in the Mirdita. The regional center was Orosh. Here, the heads of families of the Mirditen met for consultations, a kind of rural community or Thing. In Orosh attended the Kapedan (Captain), leader of the Mirditen. In addition, there was an abbey from which the present diocese Rrëshen emerged. The communists fought against the clan structure of the northern Albanians ousted the Kapedan and closed the churches. As the new center of the region, they built Rrëshen, that was not so remote. The entire region became industrialized. West of Rrëshen a mine and a copper mill were established in Rubik, which is the second largest town in the Mirdita today; in the east the mining town Kurbnesh arose. Also in Rrëshen incurred in connection with the mining factories.
Since the collapse of communism in Albania, the factories and most mines are silent. Many residents had to go to the centers of the country or abroad. In the course of rural exodus from the mountain villages but also grew Rrëshen to continue, although the city offers little economic perspectives.
- Fatmir Vata (born 1971 ), football player