- 10 Rwanda -Urundi
Ruanda- Urundi was the name of a Belgian mandate or UN Trust Territory, which included the territories of present-day countries of Rwanda and Burundi.
As part of the colonial partition of Africa by the European powers, the German Empire, the two kingdoms of Rwanda and Urundi took after the Berlin Africa Conference in possession and incorporated it in 1890 and in 1899 his " reserve" German East Africa a. The German Empire practiced the system of " indirect rule ", ie, it left the existing structures largely intact and in the office, if they cooperated with the kings of German sovereignty.
After the end of the German colonial rule during the First World War, the League of Nations under its 1919/20, the two kingdoms united to Rwanda -Urundi, Belgian administration as a mandate. From 1925, the area was managed under formal maintenance of Mandatsstatusses than 7 Province of the Belgian Congo. After the replacement of the League of Nations by the United Nations (UN ) Belgium Ruanda-Urundi managed from 1946 as a UN trust territory. Belgium also largely pursued the principle of " indirect rule " and supported the Tutsi monarch, such as Mwambutsa IV in Urundi ( Burundi UK ), which did not help the already existing ethnic and social tensions between the privileged Tutsi minority and the broad masses of Hutu dismantle.
On 1 July 1962 Belgium fired under supervision of the UN Rwanda -Urundi separated into the countries of Rwanda and Burundi, to independence.
Belgian administrator Rwanda Urundis
- Justin Malfeyt ( November 1916 - May 1919 )
- Alfred Frédéric Gérard Marzorati (May 1919 August 1926 )
Governors-General of the Belgian Congo
- Alfred Frédéric Gérard Marzorati ( August 1926 - February 1929 )
- Louis Joseph Postiaux ( February 1929 - July 1930 )
- Charles Henri Joseph Voisin ( July 1930 - August 1932 )
- Eugène Jacques Pierre Louis Jungers ( August 1932 - July 1946 )
- Maurice Simon ( July 1946 - August 1949 )
- Léon Antoine Marie Pétillon ( August 1949 - January 1952 )
- Alfred Claeys Boùùaert ( January 1952 - March 1955 )
- Jean -Paul Harroy ( March 1955 - January 1962 )
- Historical overseas territory
- History ( Rwanda)
- History ( Burundi)
- Belgian colonial history (Africa)
- League of Nations mandate
- Historical territory (Africa)