Ruby is a small town on the Yukon River in Alaska with 188 inhabitants ( census in 2000). It lies on the western boundary of the National Wildlife Refuges Nowitna.
The current inhabitants of the city are Koyukon Athabaskan -. These nomads lived in the area between River and the Koyukuk River Nowitna and went about the rhythm of the seasons. In said area there were twelve camps, where was fished in the summer.
The settlement was established as a supply depot for prospectors, the reddish stones found on the banks of the Yukon, they held for rubies and the place so that gave their name.
Gold discoveries at Ruby Creek ( 1907) and Long Creek (1911 ) attracted hundreds of prospectors, so that partially over 1,000 white miners lived in Ruby and environment. After 1912 a post office was built, Ruby was awarded city rights in the following year.
Originally, the city was ruled by assemblies of the miners, which was taken over by the Pioneer Igloo Number 5 later. After the gold rush, the population numbers fell rapidly back: In 1939, only 139 people lived in Ruby.
During the Second World War, the mining activities were discontinued altogether, which meant that almost the entire white population left Ruby. After the war attracted the remaining inhabitants of Kokrines to Ruby, which led to a population increase. After the city had become 1973 Second- Class City, was built in the 1970s, among other schools and a hospital, as well as telephone and TV connections in the following decade.
Economy and Transport
Are economically significant hunting, fishing, tourism and machine gold mining.
Ruby is several times weekly flights by various airlines such as the Tanana Air Service.