Rudolf Hell

Rudolf Hell ( born December 19, 1901 in Eggmühl, † March 11, 2002 in Kiel ) was a German inventor.

"Hell is the Edison of the graphic arts industry. "

He is the inventor of the Light writer (1929 ), Klischograph (1951 ), and the digitally generated photo set ( 1965). He was awarded the Grand Cross of Merit with Star, the Gutenberg Prize and the Werner-von -Siemens -Ring. Hell is an honorary citizen of the city of Kiel.

Life and work

As the son of the stationmaster of Eggmühl Rudolf Hell was born in 1901 in its train station building. His mother was the daughter of a farmer and brewery owner. He is the youngest of three sons. After four years of primary school, he attended secondary school Rudolphinum in Eger, where physics and mathematics were his favorite subjects. Even here, it was realized his passion for science. The fascination of railways in the workplace of his father and the onset of electrification of the railway influenced the desire to study electrical engineering.

From 1919, he completed an eight semester studying electrical engineering at the Technical University in Munich, where he graduated in 1923 with the degree qualified engineer to work from 1923 to 1929 as an assistant to Prof. Dr. Max Dieckmann. In 1925 he presented a working principle, for practical use but useless photoelectric scanning tube for television. Together with Professor Dieckmann he presented at the trade exhibition in Munich, a television system with mechanical image dissector and a cathode ray tube as a receiver. In 1927 the promotion via a directly indicating radiogoniometer for aviation. An American company paid him for a license fee of RM 20,000.

In 1929 Bright his own company in Neubabelsberg between Berlin and Potsdam, and later that year installed in front of his Hellschreiber. In 1931, he developed novel Morse devices while Siemens produced the Hellschreiber in large numbers. The company moved to Berlin -Dahlem, where it was destroyed in World War II in part.

1947 dared Rudolf Hell new start in Kiel- Dietrichsdorf. The capital of Schleswig -Holstein was now on his adopted home. As of 1949, Bright employed reinforced with telegraphy and developed appropriate device for mail, press, police and weather services. With the invention of Hell Klischograph 1951 ushered in a new era of printing technology. He was further developed over time ( Vario Klischograph, Helio Klischograph ).

1961 expanded the Bright Works and opened a second location in Kiel- Gaarden. In 1963, the Chromagraph, scanner, introduced in 1965, the electronic pleading with digital storage ( computer typesetting ) was first introduced by Rudolf Hell, who would revolutionize the font world. In the same year the digital typesetting machine digiset was presented. After 1971, the Chromagraph DC 300 his worldwide breakthrough learned Rudolf Hell 1972 drew back from active management of his work, however, was more active there.

The Dr. -Ing. Rudolf Hell GmbH developed in 1979, the electronic image processing system Chromacom before 1981, Siemens AG, which is involved from the beginning in growing height at the company, the last 20% of the company took over. 1989, at the age of 88 years, Rudolf Hell finally left the business.

A year later, Siemens separated from the Kiel-based company and it came the merger with Linotype AG. To become Linotype -Hell AG with its headquarters in Kiel and Eschborn near Frankfurt. The Kiel - Gaarden was abandoned and houses since 1991, the Faculty of Engineering, Christian- Albrechts -University of Kiel. The Linotype -Hell AG itself was acquired in 1996 by Heidelberger Druckmaschinen AG; Eschborn location was closed and relocated Eschborner activities in large part to Kiel. In 1997, the gravure activities in the Hell Gravure Systems GmbH were concentrated, the shares until 2002 belonged to Heidelberg and have since operated. The rest was settled largely.

2002 Rudolf Hell died at the age of 100 years in Kiel and was buried in the Park Cemetery Eichhof. He registered 131 patents in his life.