Rudolph of France

Rudolf of Burgundy (French Raoul de Bourgogne; * before 890, † 15 January 936 in Auxerre) from the family of Buviniden was Duke of Burgundy and Count of Auxerre to succeed his father, Richard the court Lord, and was 923 as King of France selected.

Rudolf's father, King Robert I, brother of King Odo of Paris, was in the battle of Soissons against his rival, the Carolingian Charles III on June 15, 923. the simple, please. However, the troops defeated the army of Charles Roberts; therefore his followers were able to select a successor after his death immediately. After Robert's son Hugo the Great had refused the throne, Rudolf was raised to the king of France. On 13 July 923, he was crowned at Soissons.

Soon after Charles III was. by Count Heribert II of Vermandois, a Carolingian and at the same in-laws and partisan Rudolph, lured into a trap. Heribert invited Karl to a negotiation and then took him prisoner. Karl remained until his death in 929 in prison. Thus Rudolf was henceforth the sole king, but Heribert not delivered to him from the captured Charles, but retained the Carolingians in his custody to have a means of pressure against Rudolf. As Heribert 927 came with Rudolf in dispute, he took Charles out and recognized him as the rightful king, but kept him at the same time still in captivity until Charles died in 929.

After Charles 's capture, the East Frankish King Henry I saw no more bound to an agreement in which he had Charles Lorraine granted. 925 Herzog Giselbert subjugated the Ostfrankenkönig which prevailed so in Lorraine. Rudolf could not prevent the loss of Lorraine. This was a momentous decision on the future course of the French eastern border.

Rudolf of Burgundy was buried in the abbey of Sainte -Colombe in Sens.

He was with Emma († 935 ), a daughter of Robert I, married, with whom he had a son who died probably 934 since 910/914. Since Rudolf thus had no male heirs, after his death Louis IV, a son of Charles the Simple, his successor.


  • Jean Dufour ( ed.): Recueil des actes de Robert Ier et Raoul de, rois de France ( 922-936 ). Imprimerie Nationale, among others, Paris 1978 ( Chartes et a l' histoire diplomes relatifs de France).