Russian Provisional Government

The Russian Provisional Government was the Russian government of the February Revolution of 1917 and the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II, through which the tsarist regime was terminated in Russia until the October Revolution of the same year.

Overthrow of the Tsar and formation of the Government

The formation of the government was the 28 Februarjul. / March 13 1917greg. in Petrograd Duma formed under the chairmanship of President Mikhail Rodzyanko Provisional Committee of the Duma operated from members of the Progressive block of the Duma, after the former government had closed offered her resignation. On the same day, representatives of the socialist parties met for the formation of the Petrograd Soviet, who also claimed the takeover of power. On 1.jul. / March 14 Greg. agreed Nicholas II, who had been delayed on the way back from the army headquarters to Petrograd in Pskov, the formation of a new government by the Duma. Then met on 2.jul. / March 15 Greg. Representatives of the Duma Committee and Executive Committee of the Soviets and agreed on an eight -point program as the basis of future government, which provided, among other things, the election of a constituent assembly. Thereafter, the Committee sent a delegation to Pskov to move Nicholas to abdicate in favor of his son, the Tsarevich Alexei. However, Nicholas decided to hand over the throne to his brother, Grand Duke Mikhail Alexandrovich, who also declared his resignation the following day.

The new government was on 2.jul. / March 15 Greg. proclaimed and presented to its members the next day. Its members included:

The Soviet cried on the basis of the program jointly decided to support the government, but at the same time forbade its members to join the government and reserved the right to exercise control over the work of the government. This became known as a system of dual power. The chairman of the Petrograd Soviet and Menshevik Nikoloz Chiedze rejected the purpose for which it posts the Minister of Labour; Kerensky, however, succeeded at a plenary meeting of the Soviet, to defy the ban on the entry of government.

April crisis and the formation of the coalition government

And 3 more ministers.

July uprising and takeover of Kerensky

However, the events and the deteriorating situation at the front (. . 6.jul on / July 19 Greg German troops began their counteroffensive ) occurred Prince Lvov and several ministers back in July from their posts; Lvov, Kerensky suggested before as his successor. Kerensky took the offer and he reigned in the sequence with a rump cabinet. In order to resolve the political crisis, he called for August in Moscow the "Big State Conference ", which military crisis he sought through the appeal Lawr Kornilov to meet the commander in chief. Meanwhile, demands the re-introduction of a strict military discipline and simultaneous conspiracy right circles to establish a military dictatorship led to the Kornilov affair.

Directorate and fall